For this project, I researched the inequality in India relating to the caste system, and the impact it has on India and it's people. After research, I found that the inequality is worse than we thought. Basically their system makes the rich get richer and the poor get poorer. The Brahmins are the religious leaders and the richest, and the untouchables being the poorest and lowest in the caste. The untouchables are extremely discriminated against, and I will go further into that below. You are born into a caste, you can't change who you are.
India is very unequal, socially and economically. The top 1% of Indians own 58.4% of the country's household wealth. The richest people have the most power. The bottom half owns less than 3%, and if you are poor, you are born into it. There is rarely any way out of it. The wealthy have access to the best schools and hospitals. The Brahmins are the richest or religious leaders. The rich gets richer, the poor gets poorer. This is because they rich will be rich, their kids will be rich, and the richness continues like a family business. The poor will be poor, their kids will grow up being poor, and stay that way, because the inequality in jobs also stays that way for generations. The richest holds the best jobs, while the poorest have the worst jobs.
Lots of people in poverty, few people in the middle class...
We know that the untouchables are discriminated against, but how far does it go? The upper castes are allowed to do whatever they want, attack them, hurt them, insult them, and even murder, but can easily get away with it. The untouchables are extremely discriminated against. They have the worst jobs, like cleaning dead animals. They cannot come a certain distance of a member in the higher castes. They are denied basic human rights and are treated like animals. The British call them the depressed caste. Probably because they are 3 times more likely to be depressed than the upper castes. There were many protests and clashes relating to caste issues. Many people committed suicide to protest. You are not really suppose to even socialize with the other castes, despite living in the same area. Just know, they are treated not what they are supposed to be treated like.
Why does it still exist? It has been illegal for a while, but we haven't heard of people being arrested for caste discrimination. I probably made it clear that the higher castes gets more power, economically and religiously. Brahmins are the richest and the religious leaders, or the priests. Having way more power over the lower castes, they control most of the government. It has been like this with the Brahmins ruling over the Shudras or the untouchables for centuries, so naturally what has been made is hard to change. Also, have caste equality will basically mean for them to give up their power, and judging from how they use their powers, they would not want to give up their power. The Hindus believe that everyone is created unequal, while we believe everyone is created equal, so this probably seem messed up to most of us. They don't get to choose how their life begin, some call it a fatal mistake, others call it a gift. For the higher castes, you do decide how it end most of the time, as you get to control some things that happen around you. As for the lower castes, you are born into this horrible environment, and because of it, higher castes can do whatever they want. If this is the environment you grew up in, with barely any opportunities of getting out, every day is a challenge. Oh, and the way your life ends? Who knows? But we do know one thing, together, this can be changed.