- IMMIGRATION- (The act of arriving) Their size in numbers would grow from on coming wolves in search for new resources and territory. But their resources themselves would most likely decrease because there is less to go around.
- EMIGRATION-(The act of leaving) They would move around in search for new territory because of their lack of resource and space, which is causing decrease in population.
- BIRTHS- The number of births in a pack depend on the amount of resource at the time. The more the pack can provide for their young without perishing, the more young they will have. The less resource they have to provide, the fewer young they can have.
- DEATHS- Though the decrease in the population does provide more resources for more of the pack members to prosper off of, it does cause conflict among members in search of a higher pack status.
The limited resources can cause the slow growth of a pack or population till its Carrying Capacity because of the amount of births vs deaths that accour during their ruff period. The lack of resources cause the fewer offspring to be born, lesser so that more of the population dies faster than the young can replace them, until the point where all the old have died and the few young that they had were raised, but couldn't reproduce because all of their resources were going to the remaining pack members so that they may Emigrate to another terrain. Putting their expansion to a screeching halt.
Some of the density-dependent limiting factors would be the lack of living space because the population can't easily grow without enough space. The amount of prey is also important because if there is a lack of food then the population will suffer due to starvation. Last is that predators kill the young which is pretty self explanatory, if the young die then the population won't grow.
Some of the density-independent limiting factors would be the water supply because if there is a drought then there won't be enough water for all the wolves and the population will suffer from wolves dying of thirst. Another would be the temperature, if it gets too hot or too cold for the wolves then they could die of overheating which leaves them open to predators and they could also freeze to death. One more is pollution because contaminated water or air could give the wolves diseases and some may not recover.