On June 28th, 1969, eight officers from New York City’s Public Morals Division raided the Stonewall Inn, a gay bar in Greenwich Village. Marsha P. Johnson cried out “I got my civil rights!” and threw a shot glass into a mirror in protest. The two hundred patrons of the Stonewall Inn were joined by patrons from surrounding bars, and hundreds were arrested. Rioters broke windows, set cars on fire, and injured three police officers. The police ended up barricading themselves inside the Stonewall Inn for safety.
In 1970, a committee was formed to commemorate the riots. During one of their meetings, committee member L. Craig Schoonmaker suggested the phrase “gay pride” as the slogan for the celebration.
The Stonewall Inn was placed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1999, and was made a landmark by New York City in 2015.
· Historically, Pride celebrations have included an activism component centering on gay rights, HIV/Aids, violence against the community, and marriage equality
In the 1990’s, Black Pride parades started in conjunction with other Pride month events.The first official celebration was held at the Club House, a popular black gay bar in Washington, D.C.,In 1991
June is now unofficially recognized within the community as Pride Month. President Obama issued a national proclamation that declared June 2016 Lesbian, Gay, Bisexual, and Transgender Pride Month.
Indianapolis Pride—The Early Years
In 1981, the first private Pride event in Indianapolis was a dinner at the Essex House Hotel. Many attendees wore masks so as not to be recognized. The event was held by a group named Justice, Inc., who would go on to host a variety of indoor banquets, brunches and events. Indianapolis’ first official Pride celebration was held in 1987 at Riley’s Pub, 650 N. Alabama Street.
The first ‘out and visible’ public Pride celebration was a festival held at the Indianapolis Sports Center on June 26, 1988. It included a yard sale, church services, and a roller-skating party.
Visit Indy Pride at indypride.org