Behavioral Components of the Program
1. Antecedent Manipulations: These include but are not limited to:
- Background brain relaxation music (instrumental)
- Soft incandescent lighting
- A temperature of about 72 degrees is required for most students
- Greeting each student when they arrive with a compliment
- Posting classroom norms and reviewing them each morning
2. Reactive Consequences- both positive and coercive
- Praise for expected behaviors and norm following
- SHort term to immediate reinforcement for expected behaviors and norm following
- Grid on the board in front of room with student names on the Y-axis and columns for reminders, warning, time away and processing on the x-axis
- Processing of unexpected behaviors and norm violations.
3. Variable Interval Reinforcement
Reinforcement is provided throughout the day in intervals of time. The goal is to make it so the students cannot predict when the reinforcement arrives. Similar to a slot machine because you keep putting money in and sometimes money comes out.
4. Continuous Reinforcement
To establish a new behavior, it is essential to continuously reinforce the occurrence of that behavior. If prompting is needed to elicit the new behavior, reinforcement is still provided with the occurrence of the behavior. Be sure to fade the prompting.
5. Daily Point Schedule
Points are earned during class period for the performance of the expected behaviors listed on the schedule. This should happen with an adult reviewing the expected behaviors with the student and asking the student if schedules also allow for goal setting. After the students assess their accomplishment of the expected behaviors, they set goals for the next class period. This provided multiple opportunities for positive social reinforcements each class.
6. Progress Sheets
Project sheets list the lesson and the date at the top of the form. Just under that is specific task, the grade and notes. The grade is assessed by students circling a happy face, a neutral face or a sad face. A happy face is worth one point, the neutral face is a half point and a sad face is no points. The students self assess seven criteria with the opportunity for a bonus smile for outstanding or helpful behavior. Students then total their smiles and hand in their progress sheets. These are used for grading of academic and other classes.The seven criteria include:
- I did all my work
- I communicated respectfully
- I followed directions
- I paid attention
- I was part of the class discussion and participated
- My attitude was positive
- I took care of myself
7. Token Economy
Points from the point sheets can be kept in a checkbook register in a spread sheet by a staff, depending on the needs of your students. Students may use points to exchange for backup reinforcement in the classroom store. The items in the store are highly desirable to the students.
8. Daily Home School Communications
The daily home school log is used to provide a summary of the students performance to home. The information included on the form is: Behavioral data summarized, if any work is not complete, the amount of time away if any in minutes, the level of safety, and daily staff comments.
9. Level System
All students begin the program at level 1. There are 5 levels in the system. Student ca earn higher levels with six consecutive weeks of 90% or higher in all three behavioral norms. As levels increase, so do privileges. At level 4, students begin exploring mainstream participation and a gradual fading of program supports. At level 5 students have no classroom supports and are fully engaged in the mainstream.
10. Behavior Data
Data is essential for all decision making. The adults in the classroom record data on the three behavioral norms. Intervals are set at thirty minutes and a whole interval recording procedure is used. This means for the students to earn the interval, they must demonstrate the desired behavior for the entire interval. Any instance of not following the expectation results in a zero for that interval. Data is then graphed and analyzed.
Behavioral Correction Methods
There are several behavioral processes done at team phoenix. Each student is different, so not everyone receives the same processing. However, everyone in the classroom are given the same behavioral conditions and they are expected to follow the same rules.