Trench Warfare Survival Guide By Patrick Giordano

US WWI Gas mask with bag historicair Attribution-Share Alike 2.5 Generic, 2.0 Generic and 1.0 Generic license

Gas masks used in World War One were made as a result of poison gas attacks that took the Allies in the trenches on the Western Front by surprise. Early gas masks were crude as would be expected as no-one had thought that poison gas would ever be used in warfare as they were it was a shocking surprise. The mask forms a sealed cover over the nose and mouth, but may also cover the eyes and other vulnerable soft tissues of the of the face ("Wikipedia").

("Wikipedia contributors")

Modern entrenching tool appeared in the form of the handled entrenching shovel or spade, designed to be used with both hand. Entrenching tools were again redesigned to be more compact and lighter in weight. Folding designs became increasingly popular, usually incorporating a fixed handle with a folding shovel head, and sometimes encompassing a pick into the design ("Wikipedia contributors")

("helmet")

Theses helmets were very useful during this war. They were helpful with not getting hit with debris flying every where so easily. They were also adapted by the French and British later on in the war ("Own Knowledge")

("WW1")

Is a bladed weapon such as a knife or short sword, or spike-shaped weapon designed to fit in, on, over or underneath the muzzle of a rifle, musket or similar weapon, increasing the weapon, as a spear.[1] In this regard, it is an ancillary close-quarter combat or last-resort weapon ("Bayonet").

("British")

One of the greatest hazards of blood loss by the wounded was shock. Many British doctors initially preferred to treat shock with infusions of saline or of “Bayliss’ gummy solution”. When Canadian physicians joined the war in support of the British Empire, they brought with them the syringe and paraffin tube methods of blood transfusion ("supplies")

Work Cited

British Medical Kit. Kansas University, www.kumc.edu/wwi/essays-on-first-world-war-medicine/index-of-essays/medicine/blood-transfusion.html. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

Supplies ww1. Kansas University, www.kumc.edu/wwi/essays-on-first-world-war-medicine/index-of-essays/medicine/blood-transfusion.html. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

Wikipedia contributors. “Entrenching tool.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 17 Mar. 2017. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.

Wikipedia contributors. “Gas mask.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 3 Mar. 2017. Web. 24 Mar. 2017.

Wikipedia contributors. “Bayonet.” Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia. Wikipedia, The Free Encyclopedia, 26 Feb. 2017. Web. 27 Mar. 2017.

WW1 Bayonets. Wikipedia, commons.wikipedia.org/wiki/File:Jungle_carbine_bayonet.jpg.

WW1 helmet. Warhats.com, www.warhats.com/ww1-german-m16-square-dip-helmet-refurbishment.html. Accessed 27 Mar. 2017.

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Created with images by ThruTheseLines - "READY TO RUSH AN ENEMY TRENCH."

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