Government Incentives By caitlin spencer
Pacific Railroad Act of 1862 and 1864
The governments gave large land grants to the Union Pacific an Central Pacific railroads. The act of 1862 gave every alternate section of public land to the amount of five alternate sections per mile on each side of the railroad. The railroas recieved more than 175 million acres of land. Railroads sold portions of their lands to new arriving settlers for a profit. The land closest to the tracks costed the most.
Morrill Land-Grant Act of 1862
Further encouraged western settlement and gave state governments millions of acres of land in the west which they could use to raise money for the creation of land grant colleges. Land grant colleges would specialize in agriculture and mechanical arts.
Land spectators are people who bought large areas of land in the hope of selling it for a profit later. States sold some of their land to land spectators.
Homestead Act of 1862
It was signed by President Lincoln and said that settlers could have 160 acres of land for a small fee if they met certain conditions. They must be at least 21 years old or the head of their family, they were an American citizen of the United States or an immigrant filing for citizenship, they built a house of a certain minimum size on their land and lived in it at least six months a year, and they had to farm the land five years in a row before they could claim ownership.