Chapter 8 LESSON 5

The end of World War 1 touched off a vigorous debate about the proper role of the United States.

President Woodrow leads the procession after the signing oh the Treaty of Versailles.

Under the Covenant, or constitution, of the League of Nations, members pledged to defend any member nation attacked by any other nation.Many Americans believed this would enable other nations to commit American troops to conflicts overseas.

U.S. was leaders from 27 nations gathered in Paris, France, in January 1919.

Wilson's final point was the creation of a League of Nations.

Wilson and Lloyd George also demanded that Germany make large reparations, or payments, for the great damage suffered during the war.

The Allies and Germany signed the Treaty of Versailles on June 28, 1919.

Wilson's greatest challenge came from longtime foe Henry Cabot Lodge of Massachusetts.Lodge headed the Senate Foreign Relations Committee.

In the months after Wilson's stroke, opposition to the treaty grew.In march 1920, the Senate voted on the treaty with Lodge's changes. It rejected the Treaty of Versailles.

World War 1 changed the map of Europe.The victors divided up the lands of the Central Powers, leading to the establishment of several new nations.

Treaty of Versailles

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