Jim Crow By Spencer Linton


In the Jim Crow era black people were not treated equal in court, had laws against them for voting writes ratified by the state they were in and were prevented from working for the government. This unfair treatment resulted in many hate crimes and wrong doings just to keep the idea that colored people were lesser than everyone else.

In Obion County, Tennessee in 1931 a black man was hung from the limb of the tree near the jail. The night before, this man was accused of grabbing the neck of a young lady. young lad. She said she had fought off this man, and scratched his face before he ran from the house. The sheriff of the county, using bloodhounds tracked down a black man who had scratches on his face and put him in jail to wait for his trial. Later that night an angry mob came, overpowered the sheriff and hung this man from a tree outside the jail. This man was not given a fair trial and was only proven guilty for the scratches on his face. There was no real evidence of him being the attacker but, because of the hate for black people during this time he was lynched and not given a fair trial like a white person would have been given.

Voting rights were another right stripped from black people in America during the JCE they were taken away because if a black person registered to vote he or she was likely killed or severely injured. A time when this ended is when the Voting Rights Act, signed by Lyndon Johnson ( the president at the time) on August 6, 1965 which overcame the law which prevented African Americans from exercising their right to vote under the 15th Amendment (1870) to the Constitution of the United States.

Lyndon johnson

The US military and federal workplaces were starting to become segregated in 1913 when the president was Woodrow Wilson. By making the people who wanted the jobs in the government submit photos they could separate the blacks from the whites and use racial profiling as a method to do so. This was very unconstitutional and unjust because without black people in the main roles in the government the rules that would benefit them were not passed and their unjust treatment when untreated for many many years.

WOODROW wilson


From an economic standpoint the Jim Crow era was bad for black people because they couldn't get jobs because the Great Depression was going on as well. All the jobs were given to white people because whites were put first. This would result in black families and former slaves of the south to go into share cropping. They were forced to do hard labor in bad conditions. The unfair treatment even after the civil war towards black people was unjust and forced them to work in low paying jobs that made them do hard labor.

In the Jim Crow era the effects of the Great Depression made people think even less of black people. They were put second for being hired for jobs behind whites causing many to be poor or homeless. During the Great Depression blacks were fired from unskilled jobs unwanted by whites before the depression. During the Depression, blacks faced unemployment of 50 percent and 30 percent unemployment for whites. Black wages were 30 percent below white workers, who themselves were barely at surviving level.

Share Cropping is when laborers with no land worked on farms owned by other people,(mostly whites) and at the end of the season landowners paid workers a share of the crop or harvest. This was a way for slave owners in a way keep their slaves and to have practically free labor. Blacks were mostly subject to this during the Jim Crow era and During the Great Depression because the civil war was just over and they had no land. So they stayed on their owners plantation and worked as Share Croppers. The picture below is a share croppers shed

Another unjust system that lead to blacks not being able to get jobs is the segregated school systems. Black schools were often looked down on and without the public funding for good teachers and books and supplies many black students did not get the education they deserved.This made it harder for them to get well paid jobs which lead to lots of financial struggle for them. Meanwhile white people were getting a good education and (during the Great Depression) were provided with jobs before black people.


In society black people were looked down upon and shamed. People in public called them curse words and said some very harmful things. These people were lynched and not accepted int he culture. Everything was segregated. Schools, restaurants, and even water fountains. Blacks were looked down upon in society that it became the norm to shame and frown amount them.

In society black people were called some pretty nasty things and looked down upon. For example in the poem Incident by Countee Cullen a boy is riding possibly in a car, he is happy and "filled with glee" but then another boy called him the N-word because he felt the need to show that haws better than lack people. This is an example of how they were not accepted in society, and still aren't filly accepted today.

Segregation. In the Jim Crow era all schools, water fountains, and even busses were segregated. Through segregation white people were able look down upon and not accept black people making the culture of America be bias towards whites and discriminate blacks. It became the "norm" A great example of this, and a black challenging the status quote was Rosa Parks. Black people were told to move to the back of the bus because white people got to sit in the front and eventually take the whole bus if there were more whites standing than back people sitting. Then they would have to exit the bus. Rosa Parks would not move. She was asked several times to but then responded in. A polite no. Eventually she was arrested. She is a great example of someone who is willing to challenge those who are doing wrong, to make things right.

"the only thing I was tired of was giving in"

The lynchings during the Jim Crow era were awful and horrifying. They displayed the shaming and frowning upon of black people. Another example of one is the one in Dallas,Texas. In 1910, a group of angry men rushed into the courthouse, threw a rope around the neck of a black man who was accused of sexually assaulting a 3-year-old white girl, and threw the other end of the rope out a window. A mob outside pulled the man to the ground and hung him. People had so much hatred that they wouldn't even allow a fair trial to even see if the man was guilty. Instead because of the hatred for black people, they have to kill a man

Texas was one of the states with the most lynchings during this time


"Eyewitness to Terror: The Lynching of a Black Man in Obion County, Tennessee in 1931 | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed." Eyewitness to Terror: The Lynching of a Black Man in Obion County, Tennessee in 1931 | The Black Past: Remembered and Reclaimed. N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2017.

History.com Staff. "Voting Rights Act." History.com. A&E Television Networks, 2009. Web. 08 Feb. 2017.

"Jim Crow Laws." Wikipedia. Wikimedia Foundation, n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2017. Economic

"Blacks and the Great Depression." SocialistWorker.org. N.p., 12 Feb. 1970. Web. 09 Feb. 2017.

"Sharecropping." New Georgia Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2017.

The Atlantic. Atlantic Media Company, n.d. Web. 09 Feb. 2017.

“Rosa Parks.” Biography.com, A&E Networks Television, 18 Feb. 2016, www.biography.com/people/rosa-parks-9433715#synopsis.

Robertson, Campbell. "History of Lynchings in the South Documents Nearly 4,000 Names." The New York Times. The New York Times, 10 Feb. 2015. Web. 16 Feb. 2017.

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