During the Gilded Age many buildings were built. During this time, many rich people had mansions built as the architecture were influenced by European Design and American designers create a different blend of styles and adding new innovations.
Railroad where a huge change in America because it connected the entire country. Its development allowed people to travel faster and have things transported much quicker. Cornelius Vanderbilt owned railroads and was later known as "Commodore Vanderbilt" as he built his wealth with railroads and shipping. He his best known for building the New York Central System.
New York Central System Map (1914)
Rockefeller's "Slandered Oil" revolutionized the Petroleum industry (the global processes of exploration, extraction, refining, transporting (often by oil tankers and pipelines), and marketing oil products) and his oil became a important light source for people everywhere and later became fuel for automobiles.
As railroad became a big way to travel, but there will now be a new way. Henry Ford made a more affordable way middle class people could travel, automobiles. As they use oil, he made it from an expensive curiosity into a practical conveyance that would profoundly impact the landscape of the 20th Century.
Newspapers and journalist help spread word and information around. Joseph Pulitzer was a newspaper publisher. He crusaded against big business and corruption, and helped keep the Statue of Liberty in New York which would become a symbol for new immigrants.
Immigrants who came into America through the East and saw the Statue of Liberty would have to go through Ellis Island to come into America. And the immigrants who came from the west would go through Angle Island.
If you were Chinese and tried to enter into America it would be very hard because of the Chinese Exclusion Act which allowed the US to suspend Chinese immigration.
Cartoon of the Chinese Exclusion Act
With thousand of immigrants coming in at such a fast rate, there were going to be many problems in the cities. With so many poor people were crowded. There was crime, tenements (run-down and often overcrowded apartment house) which spread disease and caused fires, and garbage.
With all these immigrants coming into America, companies took advantage of them as the would give them back breaking work with horrible conditions and low pay.
Steel is very expensive and takes a long time to make. But Andrew Carnegie soon controlled the steel industry through the process known as vertical integration (controlling all the steps along the way to make steel), with this, Carnegie soon makes his own steel empire. With his steel, he was able to help the growth of cities as many buildings started to use steel to build the buildings. Not only that, but he also donated millions of dollars to help build things like libraries and universities.
Andrew Carnegie pays this workers very little money and the steel mills are dangerous with all the molten metal. With this, his workers go on a strike as the barricade themselves inside of the steel factory. Pinkertons were sent to try and stop the strike as then things exculated to a battle, but they failed. In all, nine strikers and seven Pinkertons were killed; many strikers and most of the remaining Pinkertons were injured. Later the government sent people to stop the strike. This event it later known as the Homestead Strike. This event turned the country pro labor.
As people first came into America they looked for jobs. Some people chose to go and work as the Triangle Shirtwaist Factory, but a large fire happens there. Many people panic. People who where on the higher floors where trapped there and had no other choice but to jump to their death or burn to death. This tragic event takes the lives of 146 people. This event left many people scared as it changed the country into being pro business.
The Triangle Shirtwaist Fire
In a rally at Haymarket Square in Chicago workers were there striking for an eight-hour day. But a unknown person threw a dynamite bomb at police which caused gunfire which resulted in the deaths of seven police officers and at least four civilians with many injured. This became known as the Haymarket Riot. This event turned the country pro labor.
Today work pay is still not fair. This is because female full-time workers made only 80 cents for every dollar earned by men, a gender wage gap of 20 percent and women, on average, earn less than men in virtually every single occupation. This shows that this is a problem the Gilded Age did not resolved seeing how woman do not make the same amount as a man even if the do the same job.
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Boy: Hey, Can you lend me a dollar
Girl: Okay, Here!
Boy: That's only 77 cents!
Girl: That's a womens dollar