Roll of Thunder Portfolio LEVON MARTIROSIAN - MR.VARGYAS PER.2

Jim Crow Laws

Railroads

While in train blacks were in the rear of the streetcars while others required them up front where they could be watched by the car's operator. It was prohibited for conductors to assist black women with bags or parcels. Some trains required blacks to be seated from the front to the rear. It was expected that blacks would give up their seats to white passengers during peak or crowded times.

Theatres

Theatres separated the white race and the colored race so they could seat apart. In some cases, the colored people could only watch by using separate entrances in the back or through an alley. They sometimes even excluded blacks altogether.

The Great Depression

The Great Depression a period in US history that started in 1929 where the stock market crashed and huge amounts of money was lost. It was the beginning of the worst economic depression in U.S. history. The Great Depression hit the South, including Georgia. Problems in the economy including an increasing number of poor sharecroppers, led to the sudden decrease in stock values. Then there was a huge drought that had created big dust storms. This time was known as the dust bowl. In the story Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry Cassie and her family are forced to work multiple jobs to be able to pay their morgage. Papa works at the railroad far away while Mama teaches at Cassies' school.

The pictures show a homeless person, mother who cannot take care of her children, shacks that are made out of junk, farmers, and a sign for food.

Abolishment of Slavery

Slavery was put to an end in 1865 when President Abraham Lincoln signed the thirteenth amendment. It freed slaves in all areas of the country that were at that time in rebellion. President Lincoln said in his Emancipation Proclamation "And I hereby call upon the people so declared to be free to abstain from all violence, unless in necessary self-defense; and I recommend to them that, in all cases when allowed, they labor faithfully for reasonable wages". This helped create 2000 government jobs for African Americans. Still,many African Americans lived in rural areas where poverty was present. Although slavery was ove, the harshness of the white race remained so the government created laws known as the Black Codes which gave rights to African Americans to marry, own property, and sue in court. These Codes also made it illegal for blacks to be juries, testify against whites, and required sharecroppers who were black and tenant farmers to sign labor contracts. In the story Roll of Thunder, Hear My Cry Mama tells Cassie what the white men think about them “Because he’s one of those people who has to believe that white people are better than black people to make himself feel big."(Taylor 260).

"Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude, except as a punishment for crime whereof the party shall have been duly convicted, shall exist within the United States, or any place subject to their jurisdiction." -The Thirteenth Amendment to the Constitution of the United States of America

Lynching

Lynching is when people charge someone with crime and punish them without a fair trail. It existed when Jim Crow as around and had harsh punishment including the hanging of the person. It was used on African Americans just like in the story "Roll of Thunder" when Mr. Berry was burned by people known as the night men later known as the Wallaces. He was incorrectly charged of being inappropriate to a white women. Another example of lynching in the story, is when the night men come for T.J because he had been caught stealing the pearl-handed pistol with R.W and Melvin. They wanted him lynched for "murdering Mr. Barnett" which he had not done.“Mr. Granger sent word by me that he ain’t gonna stand for no hanging on his place. He say y’all touch one hair on that boy’s head while he on this land, he’s gonna hold every man here responsible.

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Created with images by ikarusmedia - "abe"

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