How does water conservation work?
Water conservation refers to any beneficial reduction of water usage, loss or waste. It also includes any strategies or activities to manage/protect water resources to meet the demand for human consumption.
Laws or Acts Relating to Water Conservation
Senate Bill X7-7 was made in November of 2009, requiring all water suppliers to increase water use efficiency.
Urban Water Conservation
"The legislation sets an overall goal of reducing per capita urban water use by 20% by December 31, 2020. The state shall make incremental progress towards this goal by reducing per capita water use by at least 10% by December 31, 2015.
- Each urban retail water supplier shall develop water use targets and an interim water use target by July 1, 2011.
- An urban retail water supplier shall include in its water management plan due July 2011 the baseline daily per capita water use, water use target, interim water use target, and compliance daily per capita water use. The Department of Water resources, through a public process and in consultation with the California Urban Water Conservation Council, shall develop technical methodologies and criteria for the consistent implementation of this part
- The Department of Water Resources shall adopt regulations for implementation of the provisions relating to process water.
- A Commercial, Institutional, Industrial (CII) task force is to be established that will develop and implement urban best management practices for statewide water savings.
Effective 2016, urban retail water suppliers who do not meet the water conservation requirements established by this bill are not eligible for state water grants or loans."
Agricultural Water Conservation
"Agricultural water suppliers shall prepare and adopt agricultural water management plans by December 31, 2012, and update those plans by December 31, 2015, and every 5 years thereafter.
On or before July 31, 2012, agricultural water suppliers shall:
- Adopt a pricing structure for water customers based at least in part on quantity delivered.
- Implement additional efficient management practices.
Effective 2013, agricultural water suppliers who do not meet the water management planning requirements established by this bill are not eligible for state water grants or loans."
WHAT ARE THE BENefits of water conservation?
- Water conservation saves money (less filtering of water if we use less water).
- It protects drinking water resources.
- It minimizes water pollution and health risks due to the water pollution.
- It reduces the need for costly water supply and new wastewater treatment facilities.
- It maintains the health of equatic environments.
- And it saves energy used to pump, heat & treat water.
Best states for water conservatioN
- Texas and California were the only two states in the U.S. to get an A- according to the Alliance for Water Efficiency (no one got above an A-).
- Kansas was graded a C.
- Less than 2% of the Earth's water supply is fresh water.
- Of all the Earth's water, 97% is salt water found in oceans and seas.
- Only 1% of the Earth's water available for drinking water, the other 2% is frozen.
- Every day in the U.S., we drink about 110 million gallons of water.
- The average American uses 140-170 gallons of water per day.