7. America Seeks Its Manifest Destiny
- Since colonial times, many Americans had believed their nation's mission should be to serve as a model of freedom and democracy.
- Many believed that eh nation's mission was to spread freedom by settling the entire continent.
- O'Sullivan declared it was America's "Manifest Destiny to overspread and to possess the whole of the continent which Providence has given us."
8. "Fifty-Four Forty or Fight"
- Many Americans wanted the United States to take over all of Oregon.
- Democrats used the slogan "Fifty-Four Forty or Fight," referring to the line of latitude they believed should be the nation's border in Oregon.
- In 1846 The countries (Britain and the U.S.) compromised.
9. "How did Polk's views differ from Clay's in the 1844 election?"
Polk supported taking over all of Oregon. But Clay did not take a strong position on the Oregon issue.
Statehood for Florida and Texas
1. Question- "How did Florida become a state?"
Spain transferred the rights to Florida over to America where it became a territory (state).
- When Spain transferred Florida to the United States on July 17, 1821, Florida became an American territory.
- Tallahassee became the territorial capital in 1824.
- Many planters from Virginia, Georgia, and the Carolina's had worn out their soil with years of heavy use.
3. The Territory Grows
- In 1837 the census for the territory of Florida reported that 48,000 people lived there.
- Enslaved people made up about one-half of Florida's population.
4. Statehood for Florida
1. Florida became the twenty-seventh state in the United States on March 3, 1845.
5. "What caused the population of Florida to grow?"
As news of the area's fertile land spread, thousands of new settlers streamed into Florida, and some of them brought their slaves with them.
- In 1821 Mexico won independence from Spain.
- Ar first, Mexico encouraged Americans to settle in Texas.
- In 1830 Mexico issued a decree, or official order, closing its border to further immigration.
7. The Alamo
- The Texans had only about 180 soldiers to take on Santa Anna's army of several thousand.
- For 13 days, through several attacks, the defenders of the Alamo kept Santa Anna's army at bay with rifle fire.
- Only a few women and children and some servants survived to tell of the battle.
8. Texas Declares Its Independence
- During the siege of the Alamo, Texan leaders met at the town of Washington-on-the-Brazos.
- On March 2, 1836--four days before the fall of the Alamo--they declared independence.