The Life of Prophet Mohammed (saw) Cd 3

CD 3 – Pre-Islamic Arabia

The Religious Background of Arabia

This is our third session. Inshallah we’ll talk about the religious background of Arabia, so that we know the environment in which Rasulullah (saw) lived.

Now obviously, they started on Tawheed (oneness of God) because of the dawa of Ismail (as). He was their Prophet, and they followed him. So, the Arabs of Arabia started out as Muslims, as believers in the oneness of Allah. So, what went wrong down the line for them to reach to the level they were at when Rasulullah (saw) was sent to them?

In the time of Rasulullah (saw), there were three religions in Arabia:

• Idol worshipping

360 Idols use to be around Al-Kaaba

• Christianity and

Christian Symbol

• Judaism.

Jewish Symbol

So, we’ll talk about how these three religions came into existence.

Start of Idol Worshiping in Arabia

Amir bin Luhai al Khuzai, do you remember him? He’s the leader of Khuza. This man was very generous, very strong, very much respected by his people. And they use to respect him so much and admire him so much that his words were taken as law. Amir bin Luhai al Khuzai, he travelled to Syria to (Al-Sham). And I’m translating Al-Sham as Syria, even though it’s not the correct translation. Al-Sham refers to Syria, Palestine, Lebanon, and Jordan. That land is called Al-Sham. And, the center of Al-Sham is Jerusalem [Bait al Maqdis], but it has been translated in English as Syria. So, we’ll just go by that translation for now. So, here we have Amir bin Luhai al Khuzai, he’s travelling to Al-Sham, Syria. Note 1 & Note 2

Estimated Area of Al-Sham

The Importance of Al-Sham

He goes there, and he finds these idols. So, he asked the people, “What are these?” So, they told him, “Well, these are intermediates between us and Allah. So, when we want to ask for rain, we ask them. They appeal on our behalf to Allah. When we want children, we would go to a different idol. When we want this, you go to that idol. In war, we have a certain idol. And, they appeal on our behalf to God, and they perform things for us.”

Amir bin Luhai said, “Excellent, this is what we need. That is what we need. We need someone to appeal to our Lord to provide us with rain, provide us with wealth. How about you hand me over one of these idols so I can take it back home?”

So, they gave him a pretty good, idol big, huge called “Hubel”. So, he carried Hubel with him back to Mecca and he established it next to al-Kaaba in al-Haram. And, he told his people, “These will intercede on your behalf to Allah (swt). Ask them whatever you want.” Note 3

Now, Mecca being the center of Arabia, the religious authority of Arabia, bringing an idol to Mecca carried with it such a heavy weight. I mean you have Arabs coming from all over the peninsula to make Hajj, so all of them were exposed to this new bid’a (innovation in religion). And, it started spreading like wild fire, because it was coming from the religious center and it was also adopted by Amir bin Luhai al Khuzai, who was so respected by his people. Note 4

So, now it became a business. In Mecca, they would make idols to export to the other tribes. So, now every tribe would come to Mecca and they would carry with them an idol to take home, because they cannot come all the time and ask from Hubel. So, they would have these idols that they would carry with them.

And then, this concept was developed further. I mean it starts out small and then it grows. The concept was carried further, so now they were making portable idols. They carry it in your backpack wherever and whenever you’re travelling, and you have one with you. Then, if you remember the story of Omar-bin-Kattab, he was once seen crying and laughing, so he was asked “Why were you crying and why you were laughing?” Note 5

He said “The reason why I was laughing, I remember in the time of Jahiliya, in the time of ignorance I was travelling and I wanted to pray, but then I remembered that I forgot to bring my god with me. So, what I did is, I tried to think of a way, I want to pray. So, I had some dates with me, so I molded the dates. I molded the dates to a form of an idol and I worshipped it. Later on that night, I became hungry, so I ate my Idol. So, he said, that’s why I am laughing.” I mean, now he’s looking back and saying, What, what was I doing? How could I do that? You see how Islam changed, see how Islam changed them. See who was Omar-bin-Kattab (ra) and who he became after Islam. Now these giants, sahabas, when we read about them and their wisdom, this is where they were. So, this shows you how Islam had the power to change them from being nothing to being the best. How Islam transformed them in a very short period, that’s a miracle. That’s a miracle of Islam that it had the capacity to bring such a people and to bring about in their lives such a change and make out of them these giants.

And Omar Ibn Kattab, who would Omar bin Kattab be without Islam? Abbas Mahmoud Al Akazi he asked that question in his book about Omar bin Kattab, he said, “Who would Omar bin Kattab be without Islam?” He said, "Maybe he could go to become the leader of his clan, his family of Banu Uadi, which were a very small branch of Quraish." " He said, or maybe he could have been one of the prominent leaders of Quraish, or if we extend it further he might be the head of Quraish", which is a far-fetched assumption because the other clans of Quraish, who held power in the past will never allow such a thing to happen to start with.

So, he said we were stretching it too far to say that he would become a leader of Al-Quraish. He said, but the most likely scenario, that Omar-bin-Kattab would die at a young age. He used to drink a lot before Islam, so most likely he would have died at a young age, and Omar-bin-Kattab would have been an obscure figure of history. But with Islam, not only did he become a leader of Quraish or Arabia, he become the ruler of two thirds of the world at that time, one of the greatest men that ever lived in history, that was the transformation that Islam brought in their lives.

Anyway, so, Idols were being exported and now they were being made in different shapes and forms; and you have a different idol for a different purpose. And, Al-Kaaba was polluted, surrounded with idols. Three hundred and sixty idols surrounding Al-Kaaba. Shirk now was in every direction. What started out as one idol imported, turned into a huge exporting business and shirk in every direction in Mecca. Note 6

So, that is how the religion of Ismail changed down the line. Rasool Allah (saw) says, “I have seen Amir bin Luhai al Khuzai dragging his (entrails) his intestines in hell fire, because he was the first man to change the religion of the Arabs.” So, Rasool Allah (saw) said, “I saw him in the hell fire going around his intestines trying to pull them back in his stomach.”

Start of Idol Worshiping in Arabia: (The Story of Al-Kaaba)

So, this is how idol worshiping was introduced in Arabia.

What about the Jewish Faith & Christianity?

Jewish Faith:

Audio (9 min. & 14 sec.)

The king of Yemen, Thabbaan Asad, was travelling to do business in Al- Sham. And, he passed next to Al-Madinah and he left his son in Madinah to do business until he comes back from Syria. The people of Madinah kill him, killed his son.

Route from Yemen to Syria

So, once Thabbaan Asad came back and heard the news that his son was killed, he decided to destroy Madinah. Through an attack, and his army was overwhelming compared to the small armies of Madinah, so he could have crushed his opposition.

But, two Jewish rabbis came out of Madina. Now, how did Jews get there in the first place?

When the Romans destroyed Jerusalem, the Jews dispersed – There were, some of them who came down into Arabia in search of the Promised Land where the “Nabi” (prophet) would be sent, because they had in their books signs of the awaited Prophet. So, they were looking for the place where he would immigrate to. They saw the signs in Madina, and few other places. In Hijaz, and a few other places. So, and this is where the Jews settled, because these places had the resemblances or the signs of the place that the prophet would be sent. So, that is why they settled in Madina.

Three Jewish tribes. We had…- Banu Qaynuqa,- Banu Nadhir and- Banu Quraidha - Notes 7, 8 & 9

So, that’s how they reached in Madina. They were ethnically Jewish who emigrated when the Roman’s sacked Jerusalem.

So, these two Jewish rabbis, they came out, and they came to Thabbaan Asad, and told him, “This place (Madinah) is protected by God. If you attempt to destroy it, Allah will destroy you.” They were able to convince Thabbaan Asad. Thabbaan Asad not only agreed to withdraw his army and stop attacking Madina, but he also was impressed by the religion, and wanted to become Jewish himself. And then, he invited these two Jewish rabbis to go with him to Yemen, and they agreed. And, he became Jewish.

Now, on his way south, heading back to Yemen, the tribe of Hawaazim – they had a problem between them and Quraish. Hawaazim, they had a problem with the people of Mecca. So, they wanted to make a fitna (major problems) to start a division. Or cause a problem between Thabbaan Asad and the people of Mecca, and they succeeded. So, Thabbaan Asad was contemplating attacking Mecca.

Now, these two Jewish rabbis, told him, “This is another town that is protected by Allah. You shouldn’t attack Mecca. In fact, you should go in to Mecca and make Tawaf around Kaaba. ”He said, “Well, let’s go” They said, “No, we cannot join you”. “How come?”. He said, “We are scholars and it is not appropriate for us as scholars to go and make Tawaaf around the Kaaba when it is surrounded by idols.” Note 10

So, he went in and he made Tawaaf. And, Thabbaan Asad was the first person ever to clothe Al-Kaaba. He was the first one to clothe Al-Kaaba. And, he would clothe it once a year. And the way that they would do it in the past is they would bring the new clothing and place it over the old. Because they considered the clothing of the Kaaba to be sacred and they can’t take it off. So then, they would keep on piling up one cloth over another until the weight of it, just the sheer weight of it, was so heavy. Eventually, they decided that they are going to have to take it off. And, just place one clothing at a time.

Past & Present

Kiswa = The Covering of Al-Kaaba

Thabbaan Asad went with these two Jewish rabbis to Yemen, and they were given freedom and encouragement to spread their religion among the Yemeni tribes. And, many of the tribes in Yemen did embrace the Jewish Faith. So, you have two types of Jews in Arabia – you have ethnic Jews, Khyber in Madina; but then you have Jews by conversion in Yemen. So, the Jews of Yemen are ethnically Arab, but they adopted the Jewish faith. So, you can see that, at some moments in time, Jews did preach their religion. And now, they might not do that. There were points in history where they did preach their religion to others. And, an example is, Yemen. So, that’s how the Jewish religion was introduced into Arabia.

What about Christianity?

Audio (14 min. & 42 sec.)

When Isa (Jesus) (as) was sent, some of his followers dispersed in the land. And, Christianity was dividing into many sects very early on. And very early on, many of these sects became disbelievers. There were, misguidance was introduced very early on into the sects of Christianity. However, there were pockets of believers here and there that were able to retain the true Christian faith, that was preached by Isa (as). Believing in the oneness of Allah, believing that Isa (as) is a messenger of Allah, rather than being the son of God, these were concepts that were retained by some of the Christians around the world.

One of these men made into Yemen and started preaching in the area of Najaraan. And the religion was spreading, but secretly, privately and slowly. By that time, Thabbaan Asad was dead and the king of Yemen was his son Abu Nuwas, or Dhu Nuwas.

Najaran, Dhu Nuwas is King of Yemen

News of this new religion reached to the king and he banned it. And, he persecuted the followers.

The People of the Ditch

Audio (16 min. 05 sec.)

There is the story in Sahih Muslim of the king and the young boy. Many scholars would attribute this story to the events between Dhu Nawas and the Christians in Yemen. They would say that the king was Dhu Nawas. And that story is in Saheeh Muslim, we’ll go over it. Note 11

Says that the king used to deal in magic and he had a sorcerer as his advisor. So, this sorcerer was growing old in age and he told the king that, “I might pass away, any moment, so I need to train someone to take my place. I need to inherit my skills to someone who would carry on”. So, they tried to find a very bright and intelligent young man. And, they hand-picked a young man and they assigned him as an apprentice with this sorcerer. So, he was supposed to leave very early on in the morning from his house and go and study under the sorcerer, and then come back home at night. Now, this young man on his way towards the sorcerer saw a worship place. And he heard prayers coming in from this place, which were different. So, he decided to go and visit, and it was a Church of Tawheed (of Unity of Allah) preaching the true religion of Isa (as).

And, he was very impressed by what he was hearing, but he’s supposed to be studying with the sorcerer. So, he asked the priest, he told him, “What can I do?”

The priest told him, “When you leave home, visit me and come and study with me. And then, go to the sorcerer, and if he tells you how come you are late, tell him – my parents delayed me. On your way back visit me. And when you get home, when your parents tell you - how come you are late? Tell them that the sorcerer delayed me. You can take a class in the morning and take a class at evening.”

So, he continued doing that for a while. One day in the market place, certain beast entered in to the market place and caused chaos among the people and no one was able to deal with it. So, this young man said, “Oh Allah (swt), today I want to know whether the path of the priest or the path of the sorcerer is the truth.” “So, Oh, Allah (swt) show me the truth.” And, everyone was attempting to kill this beast and no one succeeded. And then, this boy picked up a rock and said, “Oh Allah (swt), if the path of the priest is the truth, then kill this animal.” And, he threw the rock, and it killed the animal immediately.

He went back and reported this to the priest and related what happened. The priest told him, “My son, today you have achieved, attained a very high status. Therefore, you will be tested.” You will go through trails.

No one can reach such a high status without being tested by Allah (swt). In exams, the better the student the more difficult the exam should be; because you want to tell the difference between the levels of the students. So, you have easy questions, which everyone is able to answer, and then you have medium difficulty, and then you have difficult, and then you have very difficult, because you want to distinguish the A+, from the A-, to tell the difference.

The same thing, Allah (swt) has brought us to this earth for a test, and according to your level you will be tested. Rasool Allah (saw) says, “The ones who go through the most difficult tests are the “Anbiya”, and then it goes down according to your level.”

So, this priest was telling the young man, “You will be tested.” And then he told him, “And when you are tested, do not disclose my name”. Because the priest was doing his da’wah in secret, and he doesn’t want his name to be exposed. This is not out of fear, this is for the security of the da’wah. So, he told him, and when you go through trial do now mention my name.

And, down the road you will see that this priest was a very courageous man. I mean, because you might be wondering why is he saying don’t mention my name? What is he afraid of? How come he cannot just go outside and say Here, here I am a Muslim, and invite everybody openly? Why is he afraid? Why is he keeping it a secret? But, we will see that the priest was a very courageous man, but he was a very wise man, too.

The associate of the king was blind, and he came to this young man to cure him, because now the young man has studied under the sorcerer, and so now he is the expert. People go to him. So, when he went to the young man, the young man told him, “I cannot cure you, but Allah (swt) can heal you”. “Allah (swt) can do it”. And, he healed the man.

So, the blind man, who is now cured, went to the king. And the king told him, “Who cured you?” And the man said, “Allah”. The king said, “And do you have a God other than me?” The man said. “Yes, Allah (swt) is my Lord and your Lord.”

The king tortured this friend of his, and told him to disclose the name of the person who taught him this. And, under the persecution, he gave up the name and said it is the young man or the boy. Now, they brought in the boy and they started to torture him. And, the boy under duress and pain did give up the name of his teacher – the priest. He could not sustain the pain and suffering that he was going through, so he disclosed the name. So now, they brought the priest. And, they told the priest to give up his religion. And, he refused. So, they brought a saw, and they placed it on top of his head and they cut him into two. But he refused to give up his religion. This is the courage that he had, and this is the perseverance and the patience. He gave up his life. He was tortured brutally, but he never gave up his religion.

And now, they’re left with the boy. So, the king ordered a group of his soldiers to carry this boy and throw him from the top of a cliff. They carried the boy, and Subhanallah Allah (swt) was performing Karamath on the hand of this boy. Karama is a miracle that would occur to a non-prophet. And, miracles happened to the Prophets, that is the difference between miracles and Karamath. A mu’jiza happens to a prophet and Karama happens to a person who is not a prophet, but they are both super-natural events. So, this boy made du’a to Allah (swt), and said, “Oh Allah, take care of them the way you want”. I’m going to leave it up to you. “Oh Allah, take care of them the way you want”. Allah (swt) made them reach the top of the cliff and then the cliff started to shake. And, all of the soldiers fell down except he. And now, the boy is walking back and he enters into the palace of the king, “Here I am again”. So, the king appointed another group of soldiers to take him. Obviously, soldiers are disposable for this king. So, he appointed a new group of soldiers to take him into a ship and when they reached into the deep waters, just throw him in the water. So, they were on this boat, and he made the same du’a again, “Oh Allah, take care of them the way you want to”. The boat capsized and they all drowned except he. He went back to safety.

So, he went to the king, and the king was ready to appoint a third set of soldiers to take him, the boy told him, “Wait, you’re not going to be able to kill me, unless you do what I tell you.”

The king told him, “What is this?” “What is it?” The boy said, “You tie me to a tree, and you gather everyone, and you bring an arrow and you say - Bismillah, the Lord of the boy. Then you will be able to kill me”.

So, the boy told him the prescription of how to kill him. And, this is one of the many evidences given for the justification of what is referred to as suicide bombings, these are one of the evidences that are given, that it is allowed. Obviously, there are restrictions on when it is allowed and where, but the context, itself, of a person giving up their life for Allah (swt) is a valid one based on this evidence and many others. Because he told the king how it is possible to get rid of him. If he didn’t, he would’ve survived. He basically told the king how to kill him. But the boy did it for a noble cause. What happened is the king followed instructions and publicly said, “In the name of Allah, the Lord of the boy”. And the arrow hit him right in his head and he immediately died. But the result of that action, was that everyone who attended became Muslim. So, he did it for da’wah. He gave up his life, so that everyone else would live. Because a person is dead without Islam.

The advisors of the king told him, “What you were afraid of happened”. I mean the whole purpose of killing this boy is to get rid of this religion and here we are stuck with our whole nation becoming Muslim. Actually, in this situation, Christian, but it is Islam, it is the Oneness of Allah (swt).

Abu Nawas instructed his soldiers to dig trenches. After they dig trenches, they fill them with wood and ignite them, and anyone who refuses to give up their religion, force them into the fire. And, they would bring loads of people and burn them alive. And these were people who were holding firm to their faith, and they didn’t give up.

And then, Rasool Allah (saw) says there was a woman with her child in her arms, an infant, and she was walking towards the fire but then she hesitated, when, imagine a mother carrying her infant. So, she hesitated for a while and then, Rasool Allah (saw) says but the infant spoke and said, “Oh mother, be patient because you are following the true path”. And she jumped in the fire. Rasool Allah (saw) says there are three who spoke in young age, this infant was one of them.

Cartoon video series about "The People of The Ditch"

(Audio 28 min & 04 sec.)

This story was recorded in Surathul Burooj. Surathul Burooj is referring to this story. Surathul Burooj talks about the ones who are burned, People of the Trench. Now, even though these people were burnt alive, and they cease to exist, and the king won, but Allah (swt) says that the Muslims were victorious. Now that’s interesting. These people were killed, they did not establish any khalifa; the king won. How come Allah (swt) says, Allah (swt) did not only call it victory. Allah (swt) says that it is the “Great Victory”. Why? How come these people lost in terms of worldly standards, nevertheless, they’re still called victorious? Victory in their regard is the fact that they were able to hold firm on their faith until their last moment; they never gave up. That is victory. Entering Jannah is victory. So, even though they did not survive in Dunya but they were able to hold firm on their religion. So, the father of Ammar, Yasser, has won, Sumayyah has won, and Hamza bin Muthalib, even though he was killed in the battle field, he had won. They have won in the eternal sense of winning. Even though they might have lost in a temporary battle in dunya, but the eternal battle, they have won it because they have entered Jannah. Allah (swt) says, that is the Great Victory.

Arabic / English Recitation of Suratul Burouj - Surah 85 in the Holy Qur'an

There is one person who survived. And this person travelled all the way to visit the Roman emperor. Now, he went to the Roman Emperor because the Roman Emperor was Christian.

There was one person who survived the torment of Abu Nawas. He travelled all the way to visit the Roman emperor seeking help.

He went to the Roman emperor because the Roman emperor was Christian, even though these two people would be different Christian sects. Because by that time, the Romans might have already adopted the trinity and the divinity of Isa (as), but they still considered themselves to be followers of Isa (as). So, he went to seek help from the Roman emperor. He says this is what happen to us, we were persecuted, we were killed. We need your help.

The three areas mentioned below

The Roman emperor said, “We are too far from Yemen, but what I could do is send a message to the Nejaashi – the Negus of Abyssinia – who’s also a Christian and he can help you.” So, the Roman emperor did that and sent the message to AnNejaashi, in English, the Negus. And he sent an army led by a General named Ariyaadh, and Ariyaadh invaded Yemen. And fought with Dhu Nawas. And Dhu Nawas, when he lost, he committed suicide. They say that he was on his horse and just jumped into the Red Sea. He killed himself. So, he lost.

And now, the Abyssinians were ruling over parts of Yemen. And they did this as a revenge for the Christians who were killed by the Jews of Yemen. Ariyaadh ruled over Yemen for a while; but he was very strict. One of his army generals staged a revolt against him, and the Abyssinians in Yemen were divided now. A group of them were with Ariyaadh, and the other group were with the new leader called Abraha. And they were fighting.

Ariyaadh told Abraha, “If we kill each other, the people of the land will take over. So how about we have a one-on-one fight? A man to man, me and you”? Abraha agreed, but Abraha made a secret agreement with some of his security guards that if you see me loosing, jump in and help. If you see me winning, leave me alone. But if you see that I’m losing, come in. So, we have all of these people surrounding and Abraha and Ariyaadh are in the middle. Now, Ariyaadh was described as a tall and thin man, and Abraha, was short and chubby. So, Ariyaadh, he was able to strike Abraha from the top, and he chopped off his nose. So, Abraha was called – Abraha al-ashram. Ashram means his nose was chopped off. When that happened, the security body guards jumped in and killed Ariyaadh. He betrayed, obviously, he was against the rules but the issue was over now. Ariyaadh is dead. Abraha now took over. And, he was the one ruling over Yemen.

The Story of The Elephant

Audio (33 min & 18 sec.)

Abraha wanted to change the religion of the people and force them to become Christian. And since the Arabs were attached to al-Kaaba, he decided to build a counterpart to Al-Kaaba in Sana, in Yemen. So, he built a huge Cathedral called Al-Qullais – and this was described as a wonderful piece of art, huge, great – I mean he had access of wealth from Abyssinia, so they built this huge cathedral in Sana to compete with Al-Kaaba. Now one man didn’t like this idea. What he did was a bit crude. He went into Al-Qullais, and he defecated. And then, not only that, he took it and spread it all over the walls. Stools, the man spread stools all over the walls. And then he ran away. Abraha was furious. ?!?!, what is this guy doing? He was so angry that he decided that he must get rid of Al-Kaaba. I mean, I’m going to put an end to this and destroy Al-Kaaba. Mobilized an army and he marched towards Mecca. There was some resistance along the way. One of the chiefs of a tribe – his name is Nufail – he put up some resistance, but he was defeated, I mean Abraha had a huge powerful army. And they captured Nufail. They captured him as prisoner of war.

The Al–Qalis Church, Sana'a was a Monophysitic church constructed sometime between 527 and the late 560's in the city of Sana'a. The church's lavish decorations made it an important place of pilgrimage, placing it in competition with Kaaba in Mecca.

This walled enclosure in San’a, Yemen is where Abraha al-Ashra built an imposing cathedral (Al-Qullais). Abraha was a Christian ruler of Yemen who wanted to divert Arab pilgrimage from the Ka’bah to his cathedral. He set out with an army (which included elephants) to destroy the Ka’bah but was struck down on the outskirts of Makkah by a hail of stones carried by birds. The story is mentioned in Surah Fil in the Quran.
This large pre-Islamic inscription is depicted on a rock near a well in southern Arabia and consists of ten lines. It is popularly known as "The Inscription of Abraha." The inscription is still in its original location; a replica is on display in the Smithsonian Museum.

When Abraha reached at-Taif, the people of at-Taif assisted Abraha. And one of them offered to be a guide for Abraha the for rest of the journey. And this man’s name is Abu Rughal. So, Abu Rughal went out with the army, but then immediately when they got out of At-Taif, he died. So then, the Arabs were so upset with Abu Rughal, they built in the place of his death a monument that they would stone because of his betrayal.

The people of At-Taif helped Abraha.

Anyway, Abraha made it to the outskirts of Mecca. And there were some shepherds with camels grazing. He took possession of them. Two hundred of these camels belonged to Abdul Muttalib, the grandfather of Rasool Allah (saw). So, Abdul Muttalib came out of Mecca to meet with Abraha. Now, obviously, Abraha, you can’t just walk in and meet him, such an important figure. So, Abdul Muttalib has to have some connections to get in. Abdul Muttalib happened to be a friend of Nufail, who was captured as a prisoner of war. Nufail was carried with the army and he befriended, he became friends with the, a man called Unais. And this man Unais was such an important person in the army – He was a pilot of the elephant, which was their most valuable piece of equipment. So, Nufail now, is very well connected, he knows Unais. So, Abdul Muttalib came to Nufail and told him I want to meet with Abraha. And Nufail told him, sure, I will arrange a meeting through my friend Unais.

Elephant Warrior

So, Unais arranged the meeting with Abraha, and Abraha welcomed Abdul Muttalib. Abdul Muttalib walked in. And Abdul Muttalib was described as being a very strong person. I mean, by just seeing him, a person becomes impressed, in awe. So, when Abdul Muttalib came in, Abraha held him in high esteem even though they didn’t even talk yet. Now, the rules were that Abraha sits on a very high throne, and people sit under his feet. So, you come and have a meeting with Abraha, you are sitting under his feet. Abraha when he saw that Abdul Muttalib, he didn’t feel comfortable at all having Abdul Muttalib sit under him, but he cannot also allow Abdul Muttalib to sit with him on the throne because nobody could sit on the throne except he. So, what he did is he came down from his throne and sat with Abdul Muttalib on the floor. And he told Abdul Muttalib, he told the interpreter to ask Abdul Muttalib – what does he need?

Abdul Muttalib straight ahead told the interpreter, “Abraha has taken possession of two hundred of my camels. I want them back”. Abraha responded and said, “When I saw you, I had so much respect for you. But I have lost it all. I am coming to destroy your honor and the honor of your fathers. I am coming to destroy the center of your livelihood – I’m coming to destroy Al-Kaaba, and you’re asking me about camels?”

Abdul Muttalib responded and said, “I am the owner of the camels. So, I am responsible for them. And this house belongs to Allah and Allah will protect it.” “I am here to ask for what is under my authority, under my responsibility. The house belongs to Allah, Allah will take care of it and Allah will protect it”. Abraha said, “Give him back his camels”.

Abdul Muttalib went back to Mecca and he told the people of Mecca, “Do not fight. Withdraw out of Mecca.” Abdul Muttalib gave them clear instructions, we’re not going to fight Abraha. We’re going to leave. And they all went up to the mountains. Abdul Muttalib was the last one to leave and before he left, he was hanging on the clothe of al-Kaaba, or the handle of the door of Al-Kaaba. And he was praying to Allah (swt) to protect His House and then he left. So, all of them have evacuated, everyone evacuated Mecca

And Abraha now issued instructions for his army to march forth, but the elephant refused to move. They turned the elephant to a different direction, he would stand up running. They turn him towards the direction of Mecca, he would sit down. How come? A miracle from Allah (swt), but it is said in the story that this man Nufail who was a prisoner of war, he released himself from his chains and he jumped to the ear of the elephant, and he said to the elephant, “This is the house of Allah, do not attack it” and he ran away. But whether that was the reason or not, the elephant refused to march forward in the direction of Al-Kaaba. And they would beat it and start poking it with their spears, and the elephant was bleeding. It refused to move. Eventually they decided they’re going to have to leave the elephant.

And they made their move forward. Allah (swt) sent on them an army. No one knows the soldiers of Allah (swt). Anything can be a soldier of Allah (swt). Water, which is the source of life, can be a soldier of Alah (swt). Water is what killed the tyrant Firoun. Wind is the soldier of Allah (swt). Allah (SWT) says, no one knows His Soldiers but He. So, Allah (swt) sent them an army of birds. Every bird carrying with it missiles, that were sent on the army of Abraha, and destroyed them all. They were all killed. And this event was recorded in Suratul Fil.

And none knows the soldiers of your Lord except Him
Birds on a Mission
Surah 105 in the Holy Qur'an

These are the events up to the year in which Rasool Allah (saw) was born. Rasool Allah (saw) was born in the year of the elephant. In the same year Rasool Allah (saw) was born.

I Love Prophet Mohammed (saw)

Muhammad as the "Seal of the Prophets", or the Last of the Prophets. The Quran also refers to Muhammad as Aḥmad "more praiseworthy" (Arabic: أحمد‎‎, Sura As-Saff 61:6).

Prophet Mohammed’s Name

The name Abū al-Qāsim Muḥammad ibn ʿAbd Allāh ibn ʿAbd al-Muṭṭalib ibn Hāshim, begins with the kunya Abū, which corresponds to the English, father of.

(Father of Al-Qasim, Son of Abdollah, which is the son of Al-Muttalib, which is the son of Hashim).

Scholarly Opinions state about his birth; Allahu Alim

It was on Monday 9th Rabee‘ al-Awwal, which corresponds to 20th April 571 CE. That corresponds to the first year following the elephant incident. He was born in the house of Abu Taalib in Shi‘ab Banu Haashim.

Notes
Explanation

BCE (Before Common Era) & BC (Before Christ) = the same thing

CE (Common Era) & AD Amno Domini (After the birth of Isa(Jesus) (as) = the same thing

AH (After Hijrah) = After Prophet Mohammed (saw) migrated to Medina

Note 1 - Amir bin Luhai al Khuzai is the son of Luhai bin Qama`ah, one of the chiefs of the tribe of Khuzaa`ah who were the caretakers of the House of Allaah, after the tribe of Jurhum, (and before the Prophet's (saw) tribe, Quraish). He was the first to change the religion of Ibrahim (as), (Al-Khaleel in Makkah) bringing idol worshipping to the area of Hijaaz (Western Arabia). He also called the foolish people to worship idols and offer sacrifices to them and started these ignorant rituals concerning the animals as well as other rituals of Jahiliyyah [Tafseer of Surah al-Maa’idah (5):103] Ibn Katheer said in his Tafseer]

Note 2 - First Qibla - Bait-al-Maqdis (Al-Aqsa): At the heart of Jerusalem is the Masjid Al Aqsa or Al-Haram Ash-Shareef (The Noble Sanctuary). It is the third most sacred mosque in the world (after Masjid al-Haram in Makkah and Masjid Nabawi in Medinah), enclosing over 35 acres of fountains, gardens, buildings and domes. At its southernmost end is Masjid Al Aqsa, which was re-built by Khalifa Omar Bin Al-Kattab in the year 19 Hijri. At its center is the celebrated Dome of the Rock. The entire area is regarded as Baitul-Maqdis or Al-Qudus and comprises nearly one sixth of the walled city of Jerusalem.

Note 3 - Hubal (Arabic: هُبَل‎‎) was a moon god[1] worshipped in pre-Islamic Arabia, notably at the Kaaba in Mecca. His idol was a human figure, believed to control acts of divination, which was in the form of tossing arrows before the statue. The direction in which the arrows pointed answered questions asked of the idol. The origins of the cult of Hubal are uncertain, but the name is found in inscriptions from Nabataea in northern Arabia (across the territory of modern Syria and Iraq). The specific powers and identity attributed to Hubal are equally unclear. Access to the idol was controlled by the Quraysh tribe. The god's devotees fought against followers of the Islamic prophet Muhammad during the Battle of Badr in 624 AD. After Muhammad entered Mecca in 630 CE, he removed the statue of Hubal from the Kaaba along with the idols of all the other pagan gods.

Note 4 - The Hajj, or pilgrimage to Makkah, a central duty of Islam whose origins date back to Prophet Abraham, brings together Muslims of all races and tongues for one of life's most moving spiritual experiences. For 14 centuries, countless millions of Muslims, men and women from the four corners of the earth, have made the pilgrimage to Makkah, the birthplace of Islam. In carrying out this obligation, they fulfill one of the five "pillars" of Islam, or central religious duties of the believer.

Note 5 - Umar (ra), also spelled Omar `Umar ibn Al-Khatt, Umar Son of Al-Khattab, born 579 CE – died 6 November 644 CE), was one of the most powerful and influential Muslim caliphs (rulers) in history. He was a Great Sahabi (companion) of the Prophet Muhammad(saw). He succeeded Caliph Abu Bakr (632–634) as the second Caliph of Rashidun Caliphate on 23 August 634. He was an expert Islamic jurist and is best known for his pious and just nature, which earned him the title Al-Faruq ("the one who distinguishes between right and wrong"). He is sometimes referred to as Caliph 'Umar I by historians of Islam, since a later Umayyad caliph, 'Umar II, also bore that name. Under Umar the Islamic empire expanded at an unprecedented rate ruling the whole Sassanid Persian Empire and more than two thirds of the Eastern Roman Empire. His attacks against the Sassanid Persian Empire resulted in the conquest of the Persian empire in less than two years.

Note 6 - In Islam, shirk refers to the sin of practicing idolatry or polytheism, i.e. the deification or worship of anyone or anything other than the singular God. Literally, it means the establishment of "partners" placed beside God. It is the vice that is opposed to the virtue of Tawhid (monotheism). Shirk is an unforgivable crime if remained unpardoned before death: God may forgive any sin if one dies in that state except for committing shirk.

Note 7 - Banu Qaynuqa (also spelled Banu Kainuka, Banu Kaynuka, Banu Qainuqa, Banu Qaynuqa) was one of the three main Jewish tribes living in the 7th century of Medina, now in Saudi Arabia. In 624, the great-grandfather of Banu Qaynuqa tribe is Qaynuqa ibn Amchel ibn Munshi ibn Yohanan ibn Benjamin ibn Saron ibn Naphtali ibn Hayy ibn Moses and they are descendant of Manasseh ibn Joseph ibn Jacob ibn Isaac son of Abraham. They were expelled during the Invasion of Banu Qaynuqa, by Prophet Muhammad (saw) for allegedly breaking the treaty known as the Constitution of Medina.

Note 8 - Banu Nadir were a Jewish tribe who lived in northern Arabia until the 7th century at the oasis of Yathrib (now known as Medina). The tribe challenged Prophet Muhammad (saw) as the leader of Medina, and planned along with allied nomads to attack Prophet Muhammad (saw), and were expelled from Medina as a result. Banu Nadir then planned the battle of the Trench together with the Quraysh. They later participated in the battle of Khaybar.

Note 9 - Banu Qurayza were a Jewish tribe which lived in northern Arabia, at the oasis of Yathrib (presently known as Medina), until the 7th century. In February/March of 627 AD, their conflict with Muhammad (saw) led to a 25-day siege of Banu Qurayza ending in the tribe's surrender.

Note 10 - Tawaf is the circumambulation seven times of the Holy Kaaba. Each circumambulation (shawt) starts from the Black Stone (al-Hajar al-Aswad). You should move off from the Black Stone counter-clockwise. Each circuit is completed when you return to the Black Stone and perform the Istilam (the kissing, touching or pointing to the Stone). On completion of seven circuits, continue to move counter-clockwise until you reach your point of exit. There are five types of Tawaf. / Tawaf al-Qudum- Tawaf al-Ifadha- Tawaf al-Wadaa- Tawaf al-Nafl- Tawaf al-Umrah

Note 11 - Sahih Muslim is a collection of hadith compiled by Imam Muslim ibn al-Hajjaj al-Naysaburi (rahimahullah). His collection is considered to be one of the most authentic collections of the Sunnah of the Prophet (saw), and along with Sahih al-Bukhari, forms the "Sahihain," or the "Two Sahihs." It contains roughly 7,500 hadith (with repetitions) in 57 books.

Created By
Huda Droll
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