Ancient Rome By Omar Polanco

Geography

Ancient Rome had a Mediterranean climate, with hot dry summers and mild winters. During the summer months, temperatures are higher than 95 F.In the winter it is around 55 F.The empire was conquered by the Roman Army.The main countries conquered were England, Spain, France, Greece, the Middle East and the North African coastal region.

History

Ancient Rome started 753 as a small colony in Italy and ended in 476 ad. Rome ended because of odoacer becoming the first king of italy and ruling over all.Rome had many enemies especially archimedes .He invented the claw that picked up enemy ships and dropped them eventually sinking them.He also invented the burning glass that burned enemy ships.The romans invented greek fire.A fire that was near impossible to put out.They also invented apartments, elevators, arches, grid based cities, sewers, sanitation, abducts, highways, roads, and surgical tools.they used abducts to transport water from one place to another.

Surgical tool from ancient rome

People

The Roman empire expanded to become one of the largest empires in the ancient world, though still ruled from the city, with an estimated 50 to 90 million inhabitants (roughly 20% of the world's population) and covering 5.0 million square kilometres at its height in AD 117.Latin and Greek were the dominant languages of the Roman Empire, but other languages were important regionally. The language of the ancient Romans was Latin, which served as the "language of power". Latin was pervasive in the Roman Empire as the language of the law courts in the West, and of the military everywhere.Ancient Rome was a man's world. In politics, society and the family, men held both the power and the purse-strings – they even decided whether a baby would live or die. Families were dominated by men. At the head of Roman family life was the oldest living male, called the "paterfamilias," or "father of the family."

Culture

If you were rich, you could also eat beef, pork, lamb, chicken, and fish, dormice, and snails. If you were poor, you ate mostly just the Mediterranean Triad, with vegetables like lentils and cucumbers, onions, garlic, and lettuce, fruit like apples and figs, nuts, and sometimes cheese and eggs.1 (Kalends): Veneralia in honour of Venus.4–10: Ludi Megalenses or Megalesia, in honor of the Magna Mater or Cybele, whose temple was dedicated April 10, 191 BC.5: anniversary of the Temple of Fortuna Publica.12–19: Cerealia or Ludi Cereri, festival and games for Ceres, established by 202 BC.Roman Religion Challenged. Judaism and Christianity, while posing separate threats to the empire, had one thing in common - they both refused to participate in the worship of the Roman gods and make sacrifices at their temples.Clothing in Ancient Roman - Crystalinks. Romandress differed from one class to another. The tunic was worn by plebeians (common people), herdsmen and slaves was made from a coarse dark material. The tunic worn by patricians was made from white wool or linen.Many of the art forms and methods used by the Romans – such as high and low relief, free-standing sculpture, bronze casting, vase art, mosaic, cameo, coin art, fine jewelry and metalwork, funerary sculpture, perspective drawing, caricature, genre and portrait painting, landscape painting, and architectural sculpture.

Government

One month, July, is named in his honour. Augustus was the first emperor of Rome. His real name was Octavian but he was given the name 'Augustus' by the senate as an honour for his great achievements. He avenged the death of Caesar together with Mark Antony, before falling out with him.The Romans established a form of government — a republic — that was copied by countries for centuries In fact, the government of the United States is based partly on Rome's model. The ladder to political power in the Roman Senate was different for the wealthy patricians than for the lower-class plebeians.Social class in ancient Rome was hierarchical, but there were multiple and overlapping social hierarchies, and an individual's relative position in one might be higher or lower than in another. The status of freeborn Romans during the Republic was established by ancestry.Roman law is the legal system of ancient Rome, including Roman Military Jurisdiction and the legal developments spanning over a thousand years of jurisprudence, from the Twelve Tables (c. 449 BC), to the Corpus Juris Civilis (AD 529) ordered by Eastern Roman Emperor Justinian I.

Economy

The types of jobs in rome are farming, Medicine,Teaching, Shopkeeping, Writing, literature, arts, Military, Trading, Prostitution, Politics, Gladiator, and Very large scale animal rearing or land tenancy.Aureus, basic gold monetary unit of ancient Rome and the Roman world. It was first named nummus aureus (“gold money”), or denarius aureus, and was equal to 25 silver denarii; a denarius equaled 10 bronze asses.The Romans imported a whole variety of materials: beef, corn, glassware, iron, lead, leather, marble, olive oil, perfumes, purple dye, silk, silver, spices, timber, tin and wine. The main trading partners were in Spain, France, the Middle East and North Africa.

Leisure

Ancient Romans played a wide variety of board games, including dice, Knucklebones Roman Chess, Roman Checkers, Tic-tac-toe, and Roman backgammon.Ancient Roman Sports and Activities - Crystalinks. and exercise, such as jumping, wrestling, boxing, and racing. The Romans also had several forms of ball playing, including one resembling handball.For wealthy Romans, life was good. They lived in beautiful houses – often on the hills outside Rome, away from the noise and the smell. They enjoyed an extravagant lifestyle with luxurious furnishings, surrounded by servants and slaves to cater to their every desire.

Today

Ancient Rome treasures were discovered during a subway dig.On april 6 2017 the metro station will double up as a museum.It will display archaeological remains brought to the surface during the new lines excavations. Many aspects of today's society have been affected by ancient Rome . Creation of law, development of democratic government practices, influences in language, literature, art, infrastructure, and city-planning are all areas where the influences of Roman ideas can be seen. Additionally, Roman influences have had considerable importance in the spread of Christianity.

Credits:

Created with images by kirkandmimi - "rome monument colosseum" • Studiolarsen - "australia outback landscape" • Fæ - "Ancient Cutting Knife with Modern Inscription LACMA M.80.203.24" • Kevin Briody - "Lots of people in a stand" • Sydney Heritage - "Tusculum c.1831" • hallucinogenizer - "government college lahore gcu government college university" • Ken_Mayer - "Roman coins" • shankar s. - "Ottoman chess figurines" • quapan - "restored quadriga atop Brandenburg Gate ►pale-verdigris gateway build-up (“horses'-herma”) in gloomy night◄"

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