Horses By Veronika and Aubrey

Introduction

You're at a stable. You're taking riding lessons. You're teacher is discussing tacking up a horse. Then, she moves to caring for one. All the while, your mind is on the evolution of horses: How did horses get here today? Then, she asks YOU to tack up the horse. Uh-oh. Why did we choose this topic? We thought horses were an interesting topic to reasearch, and we didn't know everything about them.

Learn how to care for them, their evolution, and how to tack them up, or get them ready with things like the saddle and bridle. Follow me as we step into the wonderful world of horses..

Are you worried about your horse, or just wondering how to care for them to convince your parents to buy you one? Here’s your answers for the do’s and don'ts about horse care.

Make sure it has fresh food at all times. Give your horse clean and fresh water every day. Make sure it's feeding boxes are clean. Give your horse frequent attention, as well as cleaning your horse’s stall with a pitchfork, and replace the old bedding with new at least four inches deep. Brush them with a horse brush, brushing the way the hair grows. Use a hoof pick for your horse's hoofs.

Horses are beautiful creatures, and we want to care for them as much as we can.

The horse that is well-known today had a long road to go down before this time. The question is: What was it?

What is thought to be one of the first ancestors of the horse is Eohippus, a mammal the size of a dog with feet that had pads with toes. Just imagine! A horse without hooves! Eohippus was from the times with dinosaurs, such as the Cretaceous Period. Horses lived when the dinosaur died, and slowly got their trademark tails, hooves, and manes. But then, the numbers of wild horses started to dwindle, or slowly go away. Soon, there were no wild horses left in America anymore. But then, about 500 years ago, the Spanish brought horses to America! Other Europeans followed and brought more. Native Americans began to use them too. Many horses escaped to run free in prairies and meadows. Mustang comes from the Spanish, meaning “Wild”. That is what these horses became, running wild and becoming more and more like the first wild horses to run in America.

Horses are interesting animals, and the road to get to this time has been long, but they have made it.

Horses are fun to ride and good companions. But how do you get them ready for the ride?

Bridle and Bit
Saddle

Tacking up, or getting your horse ready, has many parts. Up first: The widely recognized saddle! Your saddle must fit your horse like fitted clothes, otherwise it will slip off of the side of your horse, and you will slip with it. Lie it flat on the horse and reach down for the girth strap, or strap that fastens it to the horse. Buckle it tenderly under your horse's elbows. Checking to see that it's not pinching your horse is always important. Adjust the stirrups, or the thing that your feet slide into to help you hold on, so that they dangle an arm’s length away from the saddle. Your saddle, complete with a saddle cloth under it (to rub against the horse to absorb sweat) is complete! The bridle, or leather object often seen on a horse's head connected to reins, is as important as the saddle,even more so! It goes on the horse's head, worn like clothes. The bit, metal part that goes into the horse's mouth, attaches the reins to the bridle as well.

Horses are interesting and fun to ride. To stay safe, the saddle, bridle, and reins are almost always needed.

This is my paragraph of fun facts! Things that I learned while researching for this book:)

Probably the first known species of modern wild horse is the Wild Tarpan. Now extinct, these creatures lived in Europe.

Surprisingly, the first known domesticated horse was about 5,500 years ago. Talk about old friends!

The first known horse race was in France. Who will cross the finish line first?

One of the reasons that people breed horses is that if they know what they are doing, they can breed talented and hand-picked horses.

Had you wondered about the care of horses, what “tacking up” meant, and if horses evolved? Here, you learned your answers. Here, you travelled to a world where you cared for your own horse, put on a saddle and a bridle, and watched Equidae, or the horse family, evolve from Eohippus to the modern-day horse. I think that every person should learn these things about horses.

Books

1. Equestrian Sports, Joe Herran and Ron Thomas

2. Horseback Riding in Action, Kate Calder

3. Horses, Lynn M. Stone

4. Natures Children, Martin Harbury

5. Riding, Lucinda Green

Websites

6. http://www.amnh.org

Photos

All photos were taken from photosforclass.com and google.com - https://pixel.nymag.com/imgs/daily/science/2016/02/10/10-horse-facial-expressions.w190.h190.2x.jpg

http://www.downunderweb.com/store/media/SAD281BR_Side.jpg

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/2/27/Hunt_bridle_head.jpg

https://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/6/6e/Hyracotherium_Eohippus_hharder.jpg/220px-Hyracotherium_Eohippus_hharder.jpg

http://static.wixstatic.com/media/fbb778e51e8ebe161f34e1f8b6e38a7d.wix_mp_1024

https://pixabay.com/p-1201143/?no_redirect

https://static.pexels.com/photos/15243/horse-animal.jpg

By Mcy jerry from en.wikipedia.org, CC BY-SA 3.0, https://commons.wikimedia.org/w/index.php?curid=496577

Credits:

Created with images by WimdeGraaf - "horse nature animals" and Photosforclass.com

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