St. Valentine, or Saint Valentine of Terni, was a Roman Saint commemorated on February 14. He was born in 176 AD in Terni, Italy. He died on February 14 273 AD and was buried in Dublin, Ireland.
At the time Valentine lived the emperor Claudias put out a law banning the marriage of young people. His reasoning for that was young men would fight better if they didn't have to worry about their wives and what would happen to his family if they died. At the time polygamy was very popular amongst men. But the church thought marriage was a very sacred thing amongst men and women.
People at the time thought of our hearts as books of memory, a place where god's commands are written and believed feelings for the beloved we're somehow written on your heart. Festivals were celebrated on this Day. To begin the festival, Roman priests would gather at a sacred cane where the infants Romulus and Remus were believed to have been cared for by a lupa.
During the Middle Ages, it was commonly believed in France and England that February 14 was the beginning of birds mating season. This led to the belief that this day should be for Romance.
On February 14, St. Valentine, a holy priest in Rome in the days of Emperor Claudius II, was executed. Claudius banned all marriages and engagements in Rome. Valentine defied Claudius and continued to perform marriages for young lovers in secret. When valentines actions were discovered, Claudius ordered that he be put to death. He was sentenced to a three part execution the first part being a beating, the second a stoning, and the third being decapitation.