Mohandas Gandhi was born on October 2nd, 1869. He is known for leading the Indian communities in several protests against freedom and discrimination. One of Gandhi's most famous protests is the Salt March which protested British rule. He is known for peacefully leading India to independance. While Gandhi was a good man and changed the future of India forever, he was assassinated on January 30th, 1948.
The Role Of Women
The ideal woman in Ancient India was described in the Rig Veda as being beautiful and able to bear children. She had to be a kind woman to her husband and a good mother to her kids. Staying at home was a social norm for Indian woman. They would clean the house and take care of the family.
Verdic women were of high rank They could own property and write poetry. They also could work on a farm and sew.
Modern day Indian women are still respected but not as much as the Verdic woman. It's more dangerous and risky to be a woman today in India.
Hinduism is a common practiced religion in India. It has no founder and the holy book is the Vedas. They follow the gods Brahma and Saraswati, to name a few. Hindu's strongly believe in the afterlife. They believe it is a reward and they go through many different ceremonies to ensure they will go to the afterlife. There is also a caste system in the afterlife where you can change your rank from your previous life. Some of the holidays they celebrate associated with the religion are Holi (Festival of Colors) and Navratri (Nine Nights).
Buddism is a monotheistic religion founded by Siddhartha. They follow the holy text, Tripitaka and worship the god Buddha. Buddhists believe in a cycle of samsara and hope to achieve Nirvana. Vesak is a common Buddhist holiday celebrating Buddha's birthday. There is also the Uposatha which is observance day.
Janism is founded by Rishabhanatha and their holy text is the Agamas. They don't nescesarily believe in a god, but a perfect being who lives in a blissful state. Some holidays are the Mahavira Jayanti which celebrates the day of Mahaviras birth and Diwali which celebrates when Mahavira gave his final teachings.
Traditional Indian clothing is very beautiful and recognized all around the world. Men and women differ in garments.
Women usually wore long dresses embellished in lace and sequins. Often times, their midriff was shown. The Saree is a very common, known scarf like garment. Dictionary.com defines the Sari as, "a garment consisting of a length of cotton or silk elaborately draped around the body, traditionally worn by women from South Asia."
As for mens clothing, they usually wore pants with a large jacket which looked very fancy. It consisted of designs that were very elegant and chic.
Clothing of course has changed overtime. Indians today may follow trends in clothing now or just wear modern style clothing ( i.e. shorts, shirts, casual clothes). Yet, the traditional clothing is still very respected and well known today.
Indian dancing is one of the most famous parts of their culture, their dances include:
Bharatanatyam, from Tamil Nadu.
Kathak, from Northern and Western India.
Kathakali, from Kerala.
Kuchipudi, from Andhra Pradesh.
Odissi, from Odisha.
Sattriya, from Assam.
Manipuri, from Manipur.
Mohiniyattam, from Kerala.
Most Famous Indian Song
Indian Dancing is very important to their religion.they believe that dancing is a way to please their god.
The Silk Road
"The Silk Road was a network of trade routes, formally established during the Han Dynasty of China, which linked the regions of the ancient world in commerce." (Mark) It was located and connected throughout the East and West to the Mediterranean Sea.
Its purpose was to enable trading throughout vast, spread out areas. The impact it had on global trade was massive since it brought different cultures together. It has allowed us to trade with countries far away with an effective, efficient route. Not only were goods spread, so was religion. Buddhism spread greatly due to the Silk Road.
"A Basic Buddhism Guide: 5 Minute Introduction." A Basic Buddhism Guide: 5 Minute Introduction. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2017.
History Staff. "Mohandas Gandhi." History. A&E Television Networks, 2010. Web. 20 Feb. 2017.
"Silk Road." Ancient History Encyclopedia. N.p., n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2017.
"Women in Ancient India." (2000): n. pag. Web.