The Compromise that led to the Fugitive Slave Act... The Fugitive Slave Act started as the Compromise of 1850. The Compromise of 1850 is when a free state joins the country, a slave state has to join as well. Well instead of following up with that law, California decided to come in as a free state instead of a slave state. Now this is when congress passed the Missouri Compromise.
This is the line that defined if you are a free, or slave state.
Comparison of the Missouri Compromise to The Fugitive Slave Act... Now you are probably wondering how the Fugitive Slave Act fits in with the Compromise of 1850. Well, they passed the Fugitive Slave Act in 1850, around the time when they passed the Missouri Compromise. They passed the Fugitive Slave Act to try and control the issue involving slave escapees.
Many Slaves escaped their owners to try and get to freedom.
What the Fugitive Slave Act is... The Fugitive Slave Act is an act passed to capture all escaped slaves and return them to their owners. Many slaves would escape from their owners to go to the Northern states so they could buy their freedom. So when the slave owners needed more slaves, the "slave hunters" would go up to the North and take any black man that they saw, free or slave.(didn't matter to them) Then the "slave Hunters" would take them to Supreme Court so the judge could rule if they were free or to be sent back to the owners. Well the Judge got paid $5 for ruling them a slave and $1 if they were free. So in other words, the judge just wanted a pay off so he practically ruled all of them slaves.
This was their Supreme Court building.
Punishments... The punishments for anyone interfering with the "slave hunters" was brutally beaten and some were even killed. The punishment for any of the African American person that was called a fugitive slave in court was sentenced to 6 months in jail and fined $1,000.