The Oddesey is one of two major Ancient Greek epic poems attributed to Homer. It's told to be, in part, a sequel to the Illiad which is another work ascribed to Homer. It's a fundamental to the modern Western canon, and is the second-oldest extant work of Western literature. The oldest one is the Illiad.
The background of the story is in the tenth year of the Trojan War, the Greeks tricked an enemy into bringing a colossal wooden horse within the walls of Troy. The Trojans had no idea that Greek soldiers were hidden inside, under the command of Odysseus. That night, they emerged and opened the city gates to the Greek army. Tory was destroyed, and it was now time for Odysseus and the other Greeks to return to their kingdom across the sea.
A manuscript of the Odessey book 1
The Trojan War was a war between the Greeks and the people of Troy. This began after the Trojan prince, Paris, abducted Helen, the wife of Menelaus of Sparta. When Menelaus demanded her return, the Trojans refused. The war lasted for about 10 years and was traditionally dated from 1184 to 1194 BC.
The End of the Trojan War.
The two major players in the war were Hercules and Achilles. Hercules was always too powerful for his foes and Achilles was the Greeks' finest warrior in the Trojan War. This relates to the Odessey because inside the book, it talks about the Trojan War with all the gods and goddesses.
Homer is the name ascribed by the Ancient Greeks to the semi-ledgendary author of the two epic poems, the Illiad and the Odessey, which are the central works of Greek literature. Many accounts of Homer's life circulated in classical antiquity.