Sudan experiences economic water scarcity
Te definition of physical water scarcity is Where there is no water physically there. The definition of economic water scarcity is when they can't by water
One of the causes of water scarcity is how it is too hot and the evaporation rate is higher than the runoff. This means the water is less spread out and evaporates at a faster rate than Australia.
The problems of water scarcity in Sudan that there is not enough water for everyone to share. Most of the water in the wells are contaminated with deadly bacteria and bad viruses. If there is no water you cannot grow many foods, so this country also experiences food scarcity. This means Sudan faces many famines.
Low water run off means the land is mostly dry
If the country has no water this means that the plants will keep dying and the demand for food will be significantly greater than the supply. Sudans is not a wealth country, this means Sudan is unable to purchase water supplies, therefore their water scarity is classified as economic.
Prolonged periods of water shortage makes the soil dried up and unable to grow any form of life. This causes the displacement of many rural Sudanese to larger centres as they cannot grow crops to survive.. The overall effect on the environment is reduced plant life and food for perople and animals.
The solution to Sudans water scarcity is the investment in wells, both shallow and deep, rain catchment systems and sand dams. These solutions are being placed at various strategic locations. The building of these is often dependant on fundraising through agencies such as Oxfam, The Water Project, UNICEF and Red Cross.
Sudanese women carrying tubs of water back home