Treatment of LGBTQ people What changes need to be made for the growing LGBTQ population?

What bathroom laws currently exist for Transgenders?

Some states have recently started implementing laws to settle the bathroom questions for transgenders. States like North Carolina and Texas have made laws that require everyone to use the bathroom corresponding to the sex on their birth certificate. Amid all of the debate, North Carolina passed a bill that doesn’t give transgenders the right to use whichever bathroom they want (Higgens). North Carolina is one of the first states to implement a law regarding transgender bathroom rights. The law came with mixed reviews from citizens. Texas also made a law, named "The Texas’ Privacy Act", which requires all people to use the bathroom that goes with their biological sex ("New bathroom bill"). Both laws have received some positive, but much more negative feedback from people. Many people want the laws to be repealed and for transgenders to be able to have a choice, yet many people are opposed to allowing transgenders to use either bathroom.

Who is/why are people against LGBTQ laws?

The divide between wanting to allow transgenders their bathroom choice and not wanting to seems to fall along political party lines. Meaning Democrats are in favor of granting transgenders the choice of choosing their bathrooms, and Republicans are not. President Obama, a democrat, was in favor of giving transgenders the power to use either bathroom. Republicans of Texas sued an order made by Obama that would require them to allow transgenders to use the bathroom of their choice ("New bathroom bill"). A lot of people see this issue and are either on one side or the other, and think there is no way for a compromise to work. A common reason that people are against LGBTQ laws is their religion. A Kentucky clerk refused to sign her name on same sex marriage and got put in jail. New religious freedom laws are arising with these LGBTQ laws that grant individuals the freedom to not serve LGBTQ people if it violates their religion. Utah was one of the first states to implement a compromise bill. The bill gives LGBTQ people more rights and gives people the right to exercise religious freedom (Higgens). With these religious freedom laws that allow people like marriage clerks to not have to marry same sex couples, there still are laws and policies that make harassment of LGBTQ people for their sexual orientation illegal.

What harassment policies or laws are in place protecting LGBTQ people?

There are old laws protecting civil rights of everyone, however, high officials in schools don’t believe that everyone has equal harassment protection yet. School board laws in Virginia impose a fine on schools districts that fail to provide a safe learning experience for LGBTQ students. One of the laws that Virginia schools must follow is the civil rights law of 1964, which protects LGBTQ students from victimization ("Loudoun County Virginia"). The old secretary of education said that he wants schools to be safe and equal for all students. Him and the department of education in an interview by the GLSEN said they don’t believe that all students have equal rights, and they want to fight for students everywhere (Regittko). Harassment of LGBTQ students is very common and it has numerous negative effects on the victims.

What types of negative effects does harassment have on LGBTQ students?

According to studies, there are numerous social, mental, and legal problems that arise in LGBTQ students as a result of harassment. The Gay Lesbian Straight Education Network has done a lot of studying on students with sexual orientations or gender identity problems. Their research has shown that LGBTQ students are more at risk for discipline in school, and the bullying and harassment of them leads the them getting disciplined more because it puts them in more contact with school authorities (Wright). Harassment can have these negative effects on anyone, but LGBTQ students are at risk for harassment. Researchers for the GLSEN say that 74.1% of LGBTQ students receive verbal harassment. They also say that LGBTQ students are more likely to become depressed, and miss school more often due to harassment (Regittko). When problems like this occur in schools teachers are the ones that have the responsibility to deal with it.

Do teachers need LGBTQ specific training, and how will that affect the future of the children?

For teachers, dealing with LGBTQ related harassment problems is different than other types of harassment. Kids getting bullied because of their sexual orientation may receive long lasting negative effects that impact their future. Studies show that teachers are less comfortable dealing with LGBTQ students and the students receive negative consequences due to this. In a study by the GLSEN, teachers and students were surveyed with how they handle different types of bullying. According to the study, “41% of teachers admit to have difficulty addressing problems arising from LGBTQ students getting bullied for their sexual orientation.” The study also showed that bullying is more common in schools where teachers intervene less often (Higgens). Teachers receive sensitivity training on how to not be biased and how to deal with many different problems. Researchers for the LGBTQ rights activists suggest that teachers should receive special training on how to be conscious and careful when dealing with students with different sexual orientations of sexualities (Hudnell). In the future, if teachers receive specific training to help LGBTQ harassment victims, it could save some students from side effects they otherwise could have received.

Transgender- a male or female (biologically) that believes that they are the opposite sex at heart. My topic is how schools handle this controversial issue that has become such a big issue.

Biological- relating to the genes and DNA of a human being. Everyone has a biological sex, the controversy comes when people wish they were the other sex.

LGBTQ- an acronym that describes basically anyone that does not conform to gender norms, it is relevant because my research is about them seeking equal rights.

School Climate- the level of tolerance that a school has towards students with complicated sexualities. LGBTQ students feel more safe at a school with high school climate.

Sexual orientation: The combination of the gender you identify as and the gender/sex that you are attracted to. Most of the sexual orientations of LGBTQ kids are not considered “normal” and they might get bullied for it.

Homophobia: The prejudice or dislike against gays. There is a lot of homophobia towards LGBTQs and they get harassed for it, and it might negatively affect them.

Victimization: Singling out a certain person because of a certain trait about them. This is relevant because victimization of LGBTQ students because of their gender or sexual orientation is common in schools.

School Anti Bullying Policies: There are state wide anti bullying laws and policies. LGBTQ students have recently become much more popular and not all policies include them. Certain schools have rules preventing bullying them, but not all states or schools.

The button below is a link to a video. In this video, laws regarding religious freedom and LGBTQ rights are discussed. The idea of compromise bills are starting to come into play. Bills that allow people the religious freedom to deny service to LGBTQ people, but also give LGBTQ people more rights. This would make it so no one has to do something they do not want to do, and LGBTQ people have all the same rights as non LGBTQ people.

Credits:

Created with images by Daw8ID - "autumn caps beanie" • Sangre-La.com - "iy7306.JPG" • Fibonacci Blue - "Jews at the Twin Cities Pride Parade 2011" • DonkeyHotey - "Republican Elephant - Icon" • zoetnet - "church" • succo - "hammer books law" • mrsdkrebs - "American Flag" • Eddie~S - "Bully Free Zone" • blueMix - "child crying kid" • US Department of Education - "SAD_Hortons_Kids 114" • William M Ferriter - "#teachingis #1"

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