Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi was born on October 2, 1869 in Porbandar, India.
Mohandas Gandhi revered the world over for his nonviolent philosophy of passive resistance. He was known to his many followers as Mahatma, or “the great-souled one.” He began his activism as an Indian immigrant in South Africa in the early 1900's, and in the years following World War I became the leading figure in India’s struggle to gain independence from Great Britain.
Gandhi strongly believed that non-violence is the only way to rebel. Peaceful protests and fasting were two ways that he would rebel without using any violence.
The British made the Indians pay them for things that India made because the British own everything Indian people make and this isn't fair for the Indians and Gandhi wanted this to change.
Gandhi was arrested four times. Gandhi was arrested for various reasons ranging from disobeying authorities to urging public resistance of the British Empire. Among his punishments for these perceived crimes, Gandhi spent a total of seven years in prison.
In April 1930 Gandhi lead the salt march which was a major nonviolent protest action in India. The march was the first act in an even-larger campaign of civil disobedience. Salt production and distribution in India had long been a monopoly of the British. Indians were required to buy expensive, heavily taxed salt that often was imported. This affected the great majority of Indians, who were poor and could not afford to buy it. Indian protests against the salt tax began in the 19th century and remained a major issue throughout the time of British ruling India.
Indians wanted to be independent from the British and Gandhi helped them achieve this goal by his non-violent peaceful ways of getting what the people deserve.