The Arctic Tundra By: Molly

It is sunrise on this cool morning in the tundra. The sun glistens on the top of the tall mountains, scraping the sky. The grasses sway in the early morning breeze. Lemming chase each other around a rock as fast as lightning. Suddenly, the animals play is over due to the harmful sounds of the rattling snow. CRUNCH! CRUNCH! CRUNCH! A large white face peeks around the corner.

A polar bear makes its entrance into the animals homes, looking for a meal. Its paws walk alongside the frozen lake. The bear's eyes like a mirror reflecting on the animals. The starlet animals quickly dart to hiding spots, but the polar bear has it all under control. Successfully getting a meal, the polar bear walks away with a lemming in its deadly jaws.

Table of Contents

  • Biome Overview
  • Plant and Animal Adaptations
  • Human Impact

BIOME OVERVIEW

The Arctic Tundra is a cold biome, located in Antartica, Greenland, Alaska, Russia, and Canada. The tundra has lots of snowy hills and icy glaciers. The lakes there are frozen over with ice. There aren't many plants that live in the tundra, but the Arctic Poppy and Purple Saxifrage can survive the cold biome of the tundra. Some animals can survive the tundra because of their thick fur, such as the Arctic Fox, Arctic seals, and Caribou. In winter, the tundra can seem like outer space. The sun doesn't rise and it is so cold. The tundra is the coldest biome on earth. All the snow and ice is what makes it unique.

PLANT AND ANIMAL ADAPTATIONS

An adaption is when a plant or animal uses special features to help it survive. Some animals can adapt to the coldest biome, the Arctic Tundra. The Arctic Fox has thick fur to keep it warm. It follows Polar Bears and eats scraps of food left behind. The Caribou has warm fur so it doesn't get cold, and has hollow fur to help it swim. The Arctic Poppy adapts by following the sun as it moves so it can get lots of sunlight. To adapt, Purple Saxifrage are one of the first plants to bloom each spring. Every plant and animal has an adaptation to help it survive, whether it is the flowers, to the Polar Bear.

HUMAN IMPACT

Human are hurting and helping the tundra in many different ways. The tundra is in danger and being helped. One way human are hurting the tundra is by throwing trash on it. Another way humans are harming the tundra is by polluting the air and killing many plants. A way human are helping the tundra is by researching on ways to keep the tundra cold. Humans also can help the tundra by passing a law not to kill tundra animals. If more people help the tundra, it gets farther away from danger. There are many different ways people are hurting and helping the tundra.

The tundra is near the North Pole and other places like Alaska, Canada, Russia, and Greenland.

The tundra has lots of snowy hills and mountains. Their lakes are frozen over with ice.

The Arctic Fox

The Arctic Fox follows Polar Bears and eats leftover scraps of food.

The Snowshoe Hare

The Snowshoe Hare can change its fur color depending on the season.

Caribou

Caribou have warm fur to keep it warm and hollow fur to help it swim.

The Arctic Wolf

The Arctic Wolf has sharp teeth to help it eat.

Polar Bear

The Polar Bear has thick fur to keep it warm.

Purple Saxifrage

Purple Saxifrage are one of the first plants to bloom each summer.

Purple Saxifrage grow much faster than other plants because it blooms before the others do.

Purple Saxifrage don't die quickly because they get lots of sunlight before others do.

Human Impact

People harm the tundra. They have killed many plants and animals. Humans are killing their home.

Humans throw garbage on the Tundra, humans are polluting the air, and worst of all, people are throwing poisonous garbage on the Tundra!

But humans aren't just harming the Tundra. They are also helping the Tundra. People are researching more on how to keep the Tundra cold, building ice roads to keep vehicles from crushing the plants, and by passing a law not to kill animals of the Tundra.

The tundra is an amazing biome in many different ways.

Credits:

Created with images by tpsdave - "tibet landscape mountains" • mypubliclands - "Delta WSR" • WikiImages - "siberia winter snow" • em_j_bishop - "untitled image" • Unsplash - "arctic hare mountain hare polar" • Billy Lindblom - "Svalbard reindeer (R.tarandus platyrhynchus)" • diapicard - "arctic fox mammal fox" • em_j_bishop - "Dungarees" • DenaliNPS - "Purple Mountain Saxifrage" • madpai - "In Bloom" • alexandre.lavrov - "Fireweed" • tpsdave - "tibet landscape mountains" • subarcticmike - "On the Ramp" • mypubliclands - "Delta WSR" • WikiImages - "siberia winter snow" • mypubliclands - "Delta WSR" • wild_honey - "reindeer arctic lapland" • em_j_bishop - "Gaiter"

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