Global Warming Kassidy

Glossary

Catastrophic: Involving of creating extreme damage or trouble to the earth

Scientific consensus: A common agreement among scientist

Atmospheric brown cloud: This is a layer of air pollution containing aerosols and other harmful components that can lead to effects on global climate and bring a large risk to the health of humans and food security.

Exacerbated: To make a bad situation worse.

Environ: The setting around an area or district.

Inundated: The state of a person becoming swamped with tasks or other people needed to be dealt with.

What causes global warming?

Global warming is a worldwide term used to describe increased heat trapped in the earth’s atmosphere resulting from excess greenhouse gases such as Carbon Dioxide (CO2). According to Clean Up Our Climate, a nonprofit organization formed around the idea of slowing down the process of global warming, these naturally occurring gases including Methane (CH4) and Nitrous Oxide (N20) form a layer in the atmosphere reflecting the sun's rays back down to the earth (Clean Up Our Climate). These gases are exacerbated in the atmosphere by fossil fuel use for energy (ie. coal and oil) and the alteration to our natural landscape (Clean Up Our Climate). This process has an extremely unnatural warming effect on the environment. Although global warming is both a natural and manmade cause, over the years global warming has shifted to a major human cause. In a research conducted at NASA a group of climate scientists came to a scientific consensus that the main cause of the current global warming trend is human expansion of burning fossil fuels like coal and oil has increased the concentration of atmospheric carbon dioxide.

Ice glaciers are melting at a rapid pace due to the increase in global warming.

How much has global warming increased over the past years?

Global warming has been increasing rapidly over the years. Ian Johnston, an Environment Correspondent, had been inundated conducting a series of studies measuring temperature levels in the ocean over the years. He found that within the past 4,000 years ocean temperatures have risen by .05°C. (Johnston). The increase of ocean temperatures isn’t the only change being made due to global warming. The current worldwide temperature is the highest it has ever been. A video publication from Adirondack Daily Enterprise explains that, “The earth’s average temperature having risen by 1.5 degrees Fahrenheit over the last century, it is projected to rise another 0.5 to 8.6 degrees Fahrenheit by the end of this century” (Gast). That would put an increase on disastrous floods and droughts in many regions of the world. The increase of global warming has been sped up immensely due to human impacts.

Ocean temperatures and measurements are raising at a rapid rate due to global warming.

What human factor plays the biggest role in the increase of global warming?

When it comes to global warming one of the largest human impacts to speeding up the process is greenhouse gases. Greenhouse gases include carbon dioxide, methane, fluorinated gases, nitrous gases and other gases and are extremely catastrophic to the environment. According to an article on Clean Up Our Climate, a website organized to raise awareness on the rising temperature change, “Greenhouse gases trap heat in the atmosphere, which makes the Earth warmer” (Clean Up Our Climate). An excess amount of greenhouse gases create a rise of temperature in the atmosphere and an atmospheric brown cloud that can contaminate the earth. According to John D. Sutter, an expert researcher for CNN as well as research scientist, “These gases are exacerbated in the atmosphere by fossil fuel use for energy (ie. coal and oil) and the alteration to our natural landscape” (Sutter). The changes these gases have on the universal environ are focused mainly on global warming. The process of global warming is speeding up because of these gases being released at a quicken pace.

Pollution does not only come from factories but also from cars. Carpooling is a simple way to decrease the amount of pollution flooding the air.

How can we better our environment and take steps towards fixing global warming?

Taking steps towards bettering the earth may seem like a difficult task but by taking small steps at a time, it can become an easy routine. A group of sixth grade students attending school in Charlotte, North Carolina discussed simple solutions to altering the rising temperatures. The kids shared personal acts they have taken on in order to make a difference such as reducing their carbon footprint on the earth. One student talked about how her and her sister worked on ways in their home such as carpooling, biking to the park with their friends, walking places, they made grocery bags out of recycled materials, turning off the light when leaving a room and so on (Simmons). Although global warming is not an issue that can changed nor stopped entirely, the process can be slowed down and the actions that these children are taking and suggesting will do so if a large amount of the population joins in. A video made by Adirondack Daily Enterprise titled Weather, global warming and climate change also gave options to slowing down the process of global warming. The video suggested in order to, “Reduce your carbon footprint, there are plenty of ways to do it: change your lightbulbs, wash your clothes in cold water, buy a fuel-efficient car, eat less red meat, carpool and so on” (Gast). If everyone in the world were to take these small steps we would be seeing a huge change in the universal temperature. Our society would benefit immensely just by working on changing small little things.

Taking small steps such as recycling is an easy and efficient way to help reduce the amount of pollution in the air.

If we continue down the same path we're on, what will the earth look like 100 years from now?

One hundred years from now global warming will have impacted our earth greatly. According to Ian Johnston, an Environment Correspondent, “If society continues down the current path, greenhouse gases could cause a 7°C rise in temperature by 2100” (Johnston). This means in long term sea levels are predicted to rise by six meters at least due to the study Johnston conducted. A rise in sea levels does not only affect human life but sea life as well. The Great Barrier Reef is already suffering due to the increase in global warming and by continuing down the same path we’re traveling down, the Great Barrier Reefs could cease to exist entirely. Clean Up Our Climate focused in on the issue of global warming and stated, “Just a few degrees increase in the earth's temperature can cause droughts and crop failures, ecosystem imbalances, as well as melting ice caps causing sea levels to rise” (Clean Up Our Climate). Crop failure could put farmers out of a job and leave families unprovided for. Global warming has a massive long term effect on the universe and for this an action needs to be taken to slow down the process.

According to the National Ocean Service about eighty percent of pollution to the marine environment comes from the land. The means most of human caused pollution not only affects life on land but also ocean life.

Works Cited

"Climate Change Issues." Clean Up Our Climate . N.p., n.d. Web. 07 Feb. 2017.

Gast, Richard. "Weather, global warming and climate change." Weather, global warming and climate change News, Sports, Jobs - Adirondack Daily Enterprise. Adirondack Daily Enterprise, 01 Feb. 2017. Web. 01 Feb. 2017.

Johnston, Ian . "Global warming could cause sea levels to rise higher than the height of a three-story building, study suggests." The Independent. Independent Digital News and Media, 19 Jan. 2017. Web. 24 Jan. 2017.

Liepert, Beate G., and Alessandra Giannini. "Global Warming, The Atmospheric Brown Cloud, And The Changing Indian Summer Monsoon." Bulletin Of The Atomic Scientists 71.4 (2015): 23. MAS Ultra - School Edition. Web. 31 Jan. 2017.

Shaftel, Holly . "Global Climate Change: Effects." NASA. NASA, 16 June 2016. Web. 20 Feb. 2017.

Simmons , Daisy. "Sixth graders learn to take on global warming." Yale Climate Connections. N.p., 17 Jan. 2017. Web. 25 Jan. 2017.

Sutter, John D. "Visual guide: US views on climate change." CNN. Cable News Network, 18 Jan. 2017. Web. 24 Jan. 2017.

"What is the biggest source of pollution in the ocean?" US Department of Commerce, National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. National Ocean Service , n.d. Web. 20 Feb. 2017.

Credits:

Created with images by Unsplash - "life beauty scene" • cwizner - "pollution smokestack industrial" • gothick_matt - "Recycling 1" • Moyan_Brenn - "Earth"

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