Under the Sea a text set for first grade

Rational

This text set is focused on sea life, it was created for first grade in an attempt to provide students with multiple resources to help them build their knowledge! I chose to create this text set in an attempt to differentiate my materials so that each and every one of my students would benefit from this lesson. Each book varies a great deal from the last from content to reading level. The literary theory states that "a description of the underlying principles, one might say the tools, by which we attempt to understand literature" In this case, the tools we are using to understand literacy are the 5 Reading First Components. Students will be expected to use the literacy instruction they have received in phonemic awareness, phonics, vocabulary, fluency, and comprehension to begin building their knowledge on sea-life. They will also have their peers and teachers to use as a tool when they come across challenging terms.

Nonfiction Books

This short children's story can be found on page 87 of the Houghton Mifflin Reading book Theme 3.

Summary

This short story is about a class trip to the aquarium! It shows a variety of sea creatures that students may have encountered at the aquarium themselves. It also provides students with the opportunity to compare different sea creatures and contemplate why they're different. The book introduces the anatomy of a fish using common words and comparisons. This would be a great starter book because of its simple sentences and the information it introduces. The book has illustrations with short sentences below which helps students to focus on the information being presented.

Teaching Points

This story will help students develop their fluency. Since it is a lower level story students will ideally be able to read through the book fluently with expression! Of the six areas in language arts, this story targets students ability to read and view. The story requires students to both read the information provided and to connect the information to the images presented.

Student Learning Objective: Students will be able to compare and contrast creatures introduced.

Additional Resource (Click on Additional Resource to be redirected to the resource! Each Additional Resource is linked out!)

This website includes film footage, still photography, along with additional books. This would be a good website to continue exploring as a class! It will allow students to see a variety of sea creatures and the habitat they live in.

Book information

Title: At the Aquarium

Author: David J. Chard

Illustrator: Norbert Wu

Published by: Houghton Mifflin Reading

ISBN: 0-618-61931-3

Number of Pages: 18

Genre: Nonfiction Children’s Literature

Reading Level: 1st

Summary

This non-fiction book goes into detail about a variety of sea creatures, parts of the ocean, and has review activities for students. It provides fun facts about animals and their anatomy. The activities at the end of the book provides students with the chance to check their understanding of the information introduced. The book provides specific information on animals in a fun way! It focuses on one animal for each page and has main information presented along with small captions with fun facts!

Teaching points

This story will help students develop their comprehension. The story provides information in an engaging way, provides illustrations to help students comprehend, and provides thorough review activities. This will give students the chance to reflect on their comprehension and help to solidify the new information. Of the six areas in language arts, this book targets students viewing skills. Students must be able to take their time to comprehend the whole page! Since there are small bits of information introduced in multiple ways it will be important for them to take time to view the page in its entirety.

Student Learning Objective: Students will be able to outline the information.

Additional Resource

This website was created by a teacher in California! The website allows students to learn more about ocean-life, quiz their knowledge, and play games!

Book Information

Title: Under the Sea

Illustrator: Steve Holmes and Jon Stuart

Published by: World Book, Inc.

ISBN: 978-0-7166-7725-3

Number of Pages: 32

Genre: Non-Fiction Children’s Literature

Reading Level: K-4th

Summary

This book introduces a lot of different sea creatures and points out key vocabulary that students may find helpful while reading the book! It talks about these creatures different characteristics that allow them to survive in the wild. The book is formatted in a simple way, it has illustrations on the top and the information written at the bottom. This will help students to focus on comprehending the information.

Teaching Points

This story will help students develop their vocabulary. It introduces a lot of terms and provides a glossary for students to reference. Since students are learning new information it is only fitting that new vocabulary is introduced! Of the six areas in language arts, this story will target students ability to infer visual representations. Students will have to take notice that some words are in bold, and infer what that might mean.

Student Learning Objective: Students will be able to demonstrate an understanding of the vocabulary introduced.

Additional Resource

This resource is for the teacher, not the student! This website provides the teacher with ideas for standards, activities, objectives, and ways to differentiate the use of the book!

Book information

Title: Ocean Life

Author: Brenda Z. Guiberson

Published by: Scholastic Inc.

ISBN:978-0-545-27336-7

Number of Pages: 32

Genre: Non-fiction Children’s Literature

Reading Level: Pre-K-1st

Fiction Books

Summary

This is a book that includes four short stories about Squid and Octopus! It discusses arguments, compromise, and friendship by exploring multiple deep sea situations that the friends face. This book has dialogue throughout and fun illustrations that help to tell the story!

Teaching points

This story will help students develop their fluency. Since there is a lot of dialog there are a lot of opportunities for students to read with expression! Being able to read the story with emotion will help students understand how the characters are feeling and will also help them to understand the story. Of the six areas in language arts, this story targets speaking. There are a few challenging words throughout the story so it will be important for students to take time to sound them out and practice speaking them! It will also be important for students to read this story aloud because of all of the expression packed into the dialog.

Student Learning Objective: Students will be able to use phonemic awareness to sound out new words.

Additional Resource

This resource could be utilized by the teacher to begin introducing parts of the squid. It includes information about squid adaptations, anatomy, and history! There are also multiple worksheets and activities for students.

Book Information

Author: Tao Nyeu

Illustrator: Lily Malcom

Published by: Penguin Group Inc.

ISBN: 978-0-8037-3565

Number of Pages: 40

Genre: Fiction Children’s Literature

Reading Level: Grades 1-3rd

Summary

This short story is about Pete going on an adventure under the sea! The book has Pete crossing paths with multiple sea creatures and exploring different parts of the ocean! This book is formatted like most children's literature, the text is integrated into the illustrations and simply describes what is going on in the scene.

Teaching Points

This story will help students develop their fluency. It is a lower level book so students should be familiar with a lot of the words used in the book! Since students will know a lot of the terms they should be able to focus on reading fluently and with expression. Of the six areas in language arts, this story targets students ability to read and view. Students will be expected to read the text and connect it to the illustrations in the story.

Student Learning Objective: Students will be able to answer questions from key details in the text.

Additional Resource

This is a fun resource for students to explore after reading the book! It allows them to do a simulation of scuba diving. This would help spark students interest in ocean-life!

Book information

Title: Pete the Cat: Scuba-Cat

Author/Illustrator: James Dean

Published by: Harper Collins Publishing

ISBN: 978-0-06-230389-9

Number of Pages: 32

Genre: Fiction Children’s Literature

Reading Level: Beginning Reader—Ideal for shared reading.

Summary

This story is about a little boy named Clark going on an imaginary trip under the sea! Clark and Gretchen are playing make believe that their stuffed bear goes "overboard" and that Clark must rescue him from the ocean! Clark dives in after him and goes on an underwater adventure! This story has vivid illustrations with simple sentences.

Teaching points

This story will help students develop their phonics. The story has a lot of descriptive terms that will be new to students, they must be able to use their knowledge to sound out the words. Of the six areas in language arts, this story targets students ability to read and view. Students must be able to read the story and interpret the illustrations in order to fully understand the text! Without doing both students will not realize that Clark is imagining all of this, that the ocean is his yard, the fur-shark is his dog, and the cave is his shed.

Student Learning Objective: Students will be able to interpret illustrations to further understand the text.

Additional Resource

This resource will allow students to explore the National Geographic Website! The website provides students with profiles for ocean life, games, and informational videos to explore!

Book information

Author/Illustrator: R.W. Alley

Published by: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Publishing Co.

ISBN: 978-0-547-90692-8

Number of Pages: 32

Genre: Fiction Children’s Literature

Reading Level: 1-3rd

Picture Books

Summary

This is a story about the Octonauts exploring the ocean and crossing paths with dangerous sea creature, a colossal squid! The squid is so huge that it takes hold of the submarine and decides to take it. The Octonauts then have to find a way to escape the squid! This story has vibrant illustrations that help tell the story. It also has fun facts about colossal squids sporadically throughout the book.

Teaching points

This story will help students develop their phonemic awareness. This story has a lot of new challenging words for students to sound out! As students read they will be expected to work through the pronunciation of this word. Of the six areas in language arts, this story targets students ability to speak and read. Students will know a lot of the words in the book but will be expected to speak the new words and sound them out.

Student Learning Objective: Students will be able to reflect on their learning and connect it to the story.

Additional Resource

This resource will allow students to continue exploring the colossal squid and begin learning about different creepy sea creatures! This resource provides students the chance to see photographs of different animals.

Book information

Title: Octonauts and the Colossal Squid

Author/Illustrator: Grosset & Dunlap

Published by: Penguin Group

ISBN: 978-0-448-48352-8

Number of Pages: 24

Genre: Fiction Picture book

Reading Level: K-3rd

Summary

This book has thirteen different imaginary sea creatures in it! It is written from a pirates point of view and shares the different tales around these creatures. This book has fun illustrations of these sea creatures to go along with the tales! This story has multiple illustrations and long stories written by the pirate!

Teaching points

This story will help students to develop their comprehension. It has multiple short stories that will allow students to practice comprehension. They will be able to use illustrations and the text presented to develop an understanding of the story. Of the six areas in language arts, this story targets students ability to read and interpret visual representations. Students must be able to read the animal names to be able to interpret what animals they represent but they also must be able to look at the illustrations to understand what the animal is.

Student Learning Objective: Students will be able to compare the imaginary animals introduced in the book to real life sea creatures.

Additional Resource

This resource will allow students to review common sea animals and practice identifying them.

Book information

Title: Octonauts Kwazii’s Pirate Book of Sea Monsters

Author/Illustrator: Grosset & Dunlap

Published by: Penguin Group

ISBN: 978-1-101-99502-0

Number of Pages: 31

Genre: Fiction Picture book

Reading Level: K-3rd

Summary

This story is about the Octonauts discovering a sea monster! They come in contact with one and are attacked. Later on they learn that the monster is just lonely and thought the submarine was another monster. They then travel across the oceans looking for another friend, only to discover that he is the only monster, but that that's okay! This story has fun illustrations that show emotion and sequencing.

Teaching points

This story will help students develop their phonics. This story includes a lot of challenging words that students will need to work through! Of the six areas in language arts, this story targets students ability to read and view. The students must read the story and look at the illustrations in order to interpret the story and the emotions that the characters are feeling.

Student Learning Objective: Students will be able to summarize the text.

Additional Resource

This resource will allow students to explore historic fossils in a game! They will get to dig in different parts of the world and find real life sea monsters!

Book information

Title: The Octonauts & the Only Lonely Monster

Author/Illustrator: Meomi Design

Published by: Immedium, Inc.

ISBN: 978-1-59702-005-3

Number of Pages: 36

Genre: Fiction Picture book

Reading Level: K-3rd

Rational behind multiple octonaut books

While each of these books are about the Octonauts, they all have very different purposes! Two of the books tell stories about underwater encounters that could easily be built upon in the classroom. The teacher could talk more about the colossal squid and its anatomy or could begin talking about how vast the ocean really is! The third story talks about make-believe sea creatures, this would give the teacher the opportunity to explain to students how much we don't know about the ocean!

Alternative

Teaching points

This video will help students practice their comprehension. They will be presented with information about sea creatures and will be able to simply sit, and listen. Of the six areas in language arts, this video targets students ability to listen.

Student Learning Objective: Students will be able to reflect on the amount of unknowns in the ocean.

Additional Resource

This resource will allow teachers to further research sea creatures prior to introducing the information to students! This will help the teacher be more knowledgeable and confident going into the lesson.

Video information

Author: David F. “TheRichest”

Published by: Youtube

Genre: Nonfiction, Informational

Resources

"Animal Ocean Game - Preschool Animals." Animal Ocean Game - Preschool Animals. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2016.

Demember, Don. "The Amazing Octopus - Lesson Plan Library." The Amazing Octopus - Lesson Plan Library. Discovery Education, n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2016.

"Marine Life Education Resources." Marine Life Education Resources | National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2016.

"Norbert Wu Productions." Norbert Wu Productions. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2016.

"Oceanlife for Kids." Oceanlife for Kids. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2016.

"Ocean Life Teaching Guide | Scholastic.com." Scholastic Teachers. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2016.

"Oceans Portal." Kids' Games, Animals, Photos, Stories, and More. N.p., 09 July 2015. Web. 26 Nov. 2016.

"Online Submarine Adventure Game – Deep Sea Diver." Submarine Game Online,free Simulation of Real Life Games for Kids to Play. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2016.

Photograph by Jeff Rotman, Nature Picture Library, Photograph by Nick Garbutt, Nature Picture Library, Photograph by Alex Hyde, Minden Pictures, Photograph by Ingo Arndt, Minden Pictures, Photograph by Norbert Wu, Minden Pictures, Corbis, Photograph by Ryan M. Bolton, Shutterstock, Photograph by Patricio Robles Gil, Nature Picture Library, Photograph by Todd Pusser, Nature Picture Library, IStockphoto Photograph by Pixel1962, and Photograph by Marty Melville, AFP, Getty Images. "Moment of Yikes!" Kids' Games, Animals, Photos, Stories, and More. N.p., 21 Oct. 2015. Web. 26 Nov. 2016.

"Sea Monsters: A Prehistoric Adventure Movie - Virtual Dig - National Geographic." Sea Monsters: A Prehistoric Adventure Movie - Virtual Dig - National Geographic. N.p., n.d. Web. 26 Nov. 2016.

Under the Sea

Text Set for Grade 1

By: Brienna Bright

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