Colonization in South Africa Padra Lor

Century indigenous San and Khoikhoi
The San and Khoikhoi are two of South Africa's native tribes. The SAN were hunters while the Khoikhoi were pastoral herders. The Khoikhoi were the first to come into compact with the Dutch and given the nickname 'Bushmen'. Today they are known as the Khoikhoi and are still domenstic herders.
Union of South Africa by British colonies


South Africa came into being in 1910 with the unification of four previously separated British colonies these four colonies were called the Cape colony, Natel Colony, Transvall colony, and the orange river colony.
African National Congress


The African National congress was established in 1912 with the aim of fighting for the rights of South Africans. The organization was not well known as it struggled with their lack of resources & power. Through the MK, the ANC obtained support from African countries and rose in electoral popularity.
National Party


The national party was a political group in South Africa & became the governing party in the country. In 1948 the national party came into power and began implementing a policy called apartheid.
Mandela begins civil disobedience

In 1950, South Africa grew accustom to apartheid which institutionalized racial segregation. South Africans were put under strict rules that prevented them from voting & made them subject to arrest at any time given. Mandela with the ANC began fighting against apartheid with peaceful protest such as boycotts, strikes, and other acts of civil disobedience. This was known as the defiance campaign, in 1950.

Mandela Sentenced to life in jail


Accused of conspiring against the government & accused of sabotage of the Rivonia trail, Mandela was sentenced to life in prison on Robben Island. After 27 years in prison, Mandela was released with the help of the president at that time.
Mandela Becomes President

In 1994 Mandela led the ANC to win South Africa's election by universal suffrage. Before that, mandela made negotiations with De Klerk to end apartheid & have a peaceful nonracial democracy. Mandela became the first black president, he established the TRC & introduced education, housing, and rebuilt the economy.

"The greatest glory lies not in never falling, but in rising every time we fall" -Nelson Mandela. 1918-2013

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