Rationale: The following text set contains a variety of literature about friendship. This text set is intended for first grade students. Friendship is an important aspect for all students to learn because friends benefit health in a positive way and provide support during the rough times. Friendships help students learn communication, cooperation, and solving problems. Friends learn from each other and learn how to help others. Friendship increases child's performance and emotional development. Social development is effected by self esteem and social adjustment which can be improved through reading literature. Friendship has an effect on children's self esteem and social adjustment. Cognitive development is affected by friendships because students will learn to understand situations and consequences. Emotional development is affected by friendship through because children are learning about empathy and feelings.
Non-Fiction 1: Owen & Mzee: The True Story of A Remarkable Friendship By: Hatkoff, Craig Hatkoff, Peter Greste (Photographer), Paula Kahumbu
ISBN: 9780439829731 Publisher: Scholastic, Inc. Pages: 40 Genre: Animals, Friendship
Main Plot of the Story: Owen is a baby hippo and Mzee is a 130 year old turtle that become friends after a tsunami in Kenya. They were both stranded and found each other becoming inseparable friends. Owen and Mzee swim, eat, sleep, and play together. This true story of friendship shows that you can get through anything with a friend even tough times.
Teaching Points: Standard- RF.1.3 – Know and apply grade-level phonics and word analysis skills in decoding words. Objective- Students will recognize words decoding to complete phonics of each sentence in the book. Reading Component- Phonics Area- Reading and Speaking Alignment- This book will help students with phonics because the simple sentences are good for decoding words and reading. The story of Owen & Mzee explains their friendship in a way for first grade to understand and feel the emotional connection. This book shows students that friendships can be unique and open to the world.
Additional Resources: This additional resource connecting to my book Owen & Mzee is a website for the foundation and computer games. The second additional resource connecting to my book is background about the book. http://www.owenandmzee.com/omweb/kidsboma.html http://www.scholastic.com/browse/article.jsp?id=3750141
Non-Fiction 2: Friends: True Stories of Extraordinary Animal Friendships By: Catherine Thimmesh
ISBN: 9780547390109 Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt Pages: 32 Genre: Animals, Friendship
Main Summary: In this book it shows unique friendships of diverse animals from all of the world. This book shows a camel and a pig friendship and polar bear and a dog. This book about extraordinary friends shows young children the truth that anyone can be compatible and there are different types of kindness and friendship.
Teaching Points: Standard- RF.1.4 – Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. Objective- Students will distinguish the meaning of the text through fluent reading. Area of Language Arts- Reading. Alignment- This book will help students use fluency to connect comprehension because the sentences really connect the meaning of the story. The theme of the story friendship is shown in this book through comprehension because the different types of animals that become friends.
Additional Resources: This website shows the book aloud on a video. This could be used for students that need to listen to a book. https://www.google.com/url?sa=t&rct=j&q=&esrc=s&source=web&cd=3&cad=rja&uact=8&ved=0ahUKEwiYqJH3vc3QAhWCz4MKHS32Dq8QtwIIKjAC&url=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.youtube.com%2Fwatch%3Fv%3DhORz8ezI-xs&usg=AFQjCNEENcwNREg43lku-TY-FHI2kXle_g&sig2=BtdElelZZETFY7nm2BBBSQ
Non-Fiction 3: Finding Winnie: The True Story of the World's Most Famous Bear by Lindsay Mattick, Sophie Blackall (Illustrator)
ISBN: 9780316324908 Publisher: Little Brown Books for Young Readers Pages: 56 Genre: Nonfiction, Friendship
Plot Summary: Cole's mother tells him a story about a soldier on his way to fight in World War I bought a black bear from a trapper. The soldier named the bear Winnie, but when it came time to leave for war he gave Winnie to the London Zoo. A boy named Christopher Robin fell in love with Winnie and they became the greatest of friends. This true story was the inspiration for Winnie The Pooh.
Teaching Points: Standard- RF.1.4b – Read on-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings. Objective- Students will be able to accurately decode the text connecting to the expression to complete the meaning. Area of Language Arts- Reading Alignment- This book will help students with comprehension because there is a high quantity of words that show expression about Winnie's life. Students will be able to feel the expression in the text and connect the meaning of friendship.
Additional Resources: This website shows an educator's guide to a lesson over the book Finding Winnie. It gives definitions, key points, activities, and lesson format. http://media.hdp.hbgusa.com/titles/assets/reading_group_guide/9780316324908/EG_9780316324908.pdf
Fiction 1: My Friend Rabbit by Eric Roman
ISBN:9780312367527 Publisher: Square Fish Pages: 32 Genre: Picture Book
Plot Summary: Mouse lets his friend Rabbit play with his new airplane, but things don't go smoothly. The airplane ends up in a tree and they can't get it down. Animals come together to help rescue the airplane. This book shows friendship with all animals as well as Rabbit and Mouse.
Teaching Points: Standard- RF.1.2d – Segment spoken single-syllable words into their complete sequence of individual sounds (phonemes). Objective- Students will be able to speak each word connecting into a sentence to understand the meaning. Reading Component- Phonemic Awareness Area of Language Arts- Speaking Alignment- This story of Mouse and Rabbit shows individual phonemes that connect to make a thought. This will help students with phonemic awareness to further their knowledge in comprehending the text. This book shows the message of friendships and helping each other within the phonemic awareness of first grade.
Additional Resources: This website below is a resource that shows discussion questions to go with a lesson over this book. Along with the idea of crafts and activities. http://readingtokids.org/Books/BookView.php?pag=4&bookID=00000391
Fiction 2:Frog and Toad Are Friends (I Can Read Book Series: Level 2) By: Arnold Lobel
ISBN:9780064440202 Publisher: Harper Collins Publishers Pages: 64 Genre: Picture Book
Plot Summary: Frog and Toad are friends that do nice things for each other including being there when the other needs help or is sad. This book shows adventures that the friends do together showing true friendship.
Teaching Points: Standard-RF.1.3b – Decode regularly spelled one-syllable words. Objective- Students will recognize one syllable words to decode sentences connecting thoughts in the text. Reading Component- Phonics Area of Language Arts- Reading and Speaking Alignment- This book about Frog and Toad show friendship through first grade phonics level. Frog and Toad's adventures in the book show good one syllable phonics and
Additional Resources: This website shows a variety of 25 ideas of frog and toad activities. These activities are reading and science related. This connects to The Frog and Toad book because those are the types of animals in the book and students could do this as an assessment with facts about the book or a summary of the book. http://www.teachjunkie.com/language-arts/25-easy-frog-and-toad-ideas-activities/
Fiction 3: The Adventures of Beekle: The Unimaginary Friend By Dan Santat
ISBN:9780316199988 Publisher: Little, Brown Books for Young Readers Pages: 40 Genre: Adventure, Picture Book
Plot Summary: On an island far away an imaginary friend is born. He waits to be chosen by a real child and then goes off on an adventure to the city to meet his friend. He meets his perfect match and is given the special name Beekle. This story is showing friendship, courage, and imagination.
Teacher Points: Standard-RF.1.4b – Read on-level text orally with accuracy, appropriate rate, and expression on successive readings. Objective- Students will understand the text connecting the comprehension and expression. Reading Component- Comprehension Area of Language Arts- Reading Alignment- This book about Beekle is a great text with descriptive details portraying the meaning of friendship through comprehension. This book will help students comprehend the theme of friendship as well as increase fluency.
Additional Resources: This website shows another teacher's activity using this book. She had her students write down adjectives about Beekle and then they created their own imaginary friend. The end product was a story of their imaginary friend to go along with reading Beekle. http://www.thecorecoaches.com/2015/09/meet-beekle.html
Picture Book 1: May I Bring A Friend? by Beatrice Schenk de Regniers, Beni Montresor (Illustrator)
ISBN:9780689713538 Publisher: Aladdin Pages: 48 Genre: Fantasy
Plot Summary: A boy gets an invitation from The King and Queen to have tea. The boy accepts the invitation with the question "Can i bring a friend?" The King allows the boy to bring a friend and the guest is an unexpected surprise. The friend is a variety of wild animals that are not on their best behavior. The story shows kindness and unique friendships.
Teaching Points: Standard- RF.1.4 – Read with sufficient accuracy and fluency to support comprehension. Objective- Students will classify the meaning of the text by using correct oral language. Reading Component- Fluency & Comprehension Area of Language Arts- Reading Alignment- This book will help students with oral language because the phonics tell about the boy's visit to the King and Queen. This story is a good text showing the reading components needed to reach comprehension as well as explaining the meaning of friendship.
Additional Resources: This website shows a few learning activities to go along with this May I Bring A Friend book. The activities are matching games, calendar, and connecting food to diet. This goes along with the book because of all the different animals in it. http://storytimesecrets.blogspot.com/2015/01/learning-activities-for-favorite.html
Picture Book 2: Swimmy by Leo Lionni
ISBN:9780394826202 Publisher: Random House Children's Books Pages: 32 Genre: Picture Book
Plot Summary: A fish named Swimmy was happily swimming one day with his siblings when a big tuna fish came up and ate everyone,but Swimmy. Swimmy swam fast away from the big fish and met new fish friends. These new fish friends were scared to get eaten by the big fish too. Swimmy had a plan to all swim together as one fish and scare the big fish away. The story shows friendship and working together.
Teaching Points: Standard- RF.1.2 – Demonstrate understanding of spoken words, syllables, and sounds (phonemes). Objective- Students will distinguish words to complete thoughts in the text. Reading Component- Phonics Area of Language Arts- Reading Alignment- This book will help students with simple phonemes completing knowledge of phonics. In this book Swimmy's adventures in the ocean will show students phonics importance in a text and connect the meaning of friendship.
Additional Resources: This website shows discussion questions to ask students after reading the book Swimmy. http://www.scholastic.com/teachers/lesson-plan/swimmy-discussion-guide
Picture Book 3: Yo Yes! By Chris Raschka
ISBN: 9780439921855 Publisher: Scholastic, Inc. Pages: 32 Genre: Picture Book
Plot Summary: One day on the street an African American boy and a white boy meet. They become friends through little words.
Teaching Points: Standard- RF.1.2a – Distinguish long from short vowel sounds in spoken single-syllable words. Objective- Students will connect short vowel sounds to understand words. Reading Component- Phonics Alignment- This book will help students define single syllable words to connect an overall meaning of the story. Students will understand single syllable words and how they make sense to comprehend the story of friendship. This book is a great way of showing a meaning even though there is a small amount of single syllable words. This book is a great way to show students of interracial friendships and multicultural friendships.
Additional Resources: This website shows activities to do after reading the book yo! yes! These activities range drawing a picture about the emotional scene of the book to writing prompts. http://amcmchildrenslit.weebly.com/yo-yes.html
Choice: Toy Story Movie
Release Date: November 22,1995 Director: John Lasseter Rated: G Genre: Adventure
Plot Summary: The movie is about a boy named Andy who's toys all get along and play together. Until this new toy that is an astronaut named Buzz LightYear becomes Andy's new favorite toy and forgets to play with the rest. Andy used to love playing with Woody a cowboy toy. Woody and Buzz don't like each other, but get put into a situation where they have to help each other. On this adventure Woody and Buzz become the ultimate best friends.
Teaching Points: Students will watch the movie and write down key points about friendship being an overall theme. Then students will talk with a partner about what qualities are important in friendship. Each student will write about what four words represent friendship to them with a picture.
Additional Resource: This website is a lesson talking about friendship themes and ways to discuss the topic with students.http://www.teachwithmovies.org/talking-and-playing/toy-story-t-p.html
Citing: http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/fy545 http://hvparent.com/early-friendships-profoundly-affects-childs-development