Importance of Papacy Madison Tidwell

Explain the Importance of the Papacy

“I will give you the keys to the kingdom of heaven. Whatever you bind on earth shall be bound in heaven; and whatever you loose on earth shall be loosed in heaven” (Mt 16:19)—Jesus is granting Peter a unique authority over the Church.

Explain how the primacy of the Pope has been defended

The Council of Florence (1439), the Fifth Lateran Council (1512–1517), and the First Vatican Council (1869–1870) reaffirmed papal primacy. Pope Leo the Great also used biblical, historical and legal arguments to assert the primacy of the pope among all bishops.

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Explain a New Testament passage that speaks the to the primacy Peter

Paul mentioned an early trip "Confer with Cephas" (Gal 1:18) and it he says that Paul respected Peter's authority as first among the apostles.

Explain how the teachings of the Second Vatican Council differ from the teachings of the first

The Second Vatican Council began its teaching first on the ministry and the bishops and then addressed the pope in relationship to the bishops. The First denied Papal infallibility which holds that the pope is preserved from error.

The Council of a Florence
The First Vadican Council
The Second Vadican Council
Pope Francis

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