The World According To Mackenzie M

Editorial

Has globalization made the world stronger or weaker? Globalization has made the world stronger and more connected. It has done so by creating more jobs for developing countries, causing competition, and making products more affordable. People in developing countries depend on globalization to make money. In Bangladesh, many people work in the garment industry. Although the factories they work in may not have the best conditions, without them, lots of people would be living in extreme poverty. Competition creates a better deal for both buyers and sellers. If a company sells a product for a high price, and is the only one to sell it in the area, people have no choice but to buy it. If another company moves nearby, and sells the same item for less, the first company will have to drop the price or risk losing business. This makes products more affordable, because companies are always changing their prices. Globalization may not always seem like the best thing, but it has helped many places gain new culture, languages, and ideas, and brought them closer together.
Mount Everest: Is It Worth the Risk? Ever since Sir Edmund Hillary and Tenzing Norgay made it to the summit for the first time, hundreds of others have tried to climb to the top of the world. Unfortunately, more have failed than succeeded — and most of the people who failed to reach the summit died. So far, over 230 people have died trying to climb Mount Everest. Everest is 29,035 feet above sea level at the summit. At that height, there is not a lot of oxygen in the air. If climbers don't acclimatize, or get used to the lack of oxygen, they won't be able to breathe, or they might make fatal mistakes. Other climbers die at the beginning of the climb, while attempting to get over the Khumbu Icefall. The ice there can move at any moment, crushing climbers, burying them in an avalanche, or tossing them into crevasses. All in all, while Mount Everest might be a fun challenge for climbers, and an amazing achievement, it simply isn't worth the risk of death just to stand at the top of the world.
A resource like oil is extremely helpful to a region in many ways. Having large oil reserves, or oil that hasn’t been used, can boost a country's economy. Most countries measure wealth in something called gross domestic product, or GDP per capita, which means per person. The countries that produce and sell oil have a higher GDP per capita than countries that don't produce oil. The money from selling oil can be used to improve life for citizens. In many countries in Southwest and Central Asia, life expectancy has increased by 15 years. Infant mortality rate, which is the number of babies who die in their first year per year has dropped by ⅔. Having oil reserves also creates jobs for people who drill the oil out. It is complete luck when a country finds oil under the ground. However, what a country does with the money they get from selling oil has nothing to do with luck. The government can use it to become richer, or the country can make themselves better, as many have chosen to do.
People can adapt to living in a desert in many ways. One way people adapt is by living near an oasis so that they don’t have to worry about where to get water. An oasis is a pool of fresh water in the desert. Most oases have date palms growing around them. These date palms make it possible for people to live in the desert. People that live near an oasis eat the dates, build with the trunk and leaves, and burn the pits to use as fuel. People also grow cash crops at an oasis, like wheat or barley. They can trade these crops with nomads for things they don’t have, like meat, milk, and cheese. In the Sahel, there are not many oases, so people use a farming system called shifting agriculture to grow crops. Shifting agriculture is when a farmer plants crops in one place for a year. When the growing season is over, he harvests the crops. The next year, the farmer moves the crops to another field - he shifts the agriculture. This helps to keep the ground healthy, and not wear it out so fast by using one crop that takes minerals away from the soil. People also move their grazing herds this way so the grass won’t run out as fast. There are lots of ways to adapt to living in a desert region. Although living in the desert provides challenges, people who live there have figured out ways to adapt and to make their lives better.
The euro is the national currency in the EU.

Many forces work for supranational cooperation. One of the forces that works for supranational cooperation is the common market. The common market works for supranational cooperation by giving every country a common money system - the euro - and by lowering tariffs, or taxes, on trades. Another force that works for supranational cooperation is the EU government. The government brings members together to discuss issues that the entire EU shares, like environmental problems. It encourages EU citizens to think of themselves as members of Europe, which promotes a feeling of unity. These centripetal forces work for supranational cooperation.

The most effective form of government is representative democracy because citizens elect representatives to vote for them. This system makes it the most efficient form of government because the representatives pass laws and make decisions faster than if every citizen had to take the time and vote on everything themselves, which is what a direct democracy is. The representatives know how to make good decisions about the country, and most citizens may not. Something else that makes representative democracy more effective is that it is equal. In an autocracy, there is only one person in charge, and they can easily gain control of the whole country. In many autocracies, there isn't even a constitution. In a representative democracy, people serve together, and the separation of power makes sure they all have an equal say in the decisions that have to be made. Because representatives in a democracy must be voted in, they have to listen to what the people want, ensuring that their voices are heard.
Being a citizen means that you are legally recognized member of a community. A good citizen knows any and all rights and responsibilities that are important to know to be accepted in society. Citizens of any community have many rights, such as voting and running for political office, having freedom of speech, and having the right to a trial by jury. There are also many responsibilities that citizens have. Some of these include obeying the local and state laws, obeying authority, such as police officers or people in charge of the community. Good citizens follow all of the rules of their city, state, or country, and they exercise lots of rights that give them more freedom. They help make the place they live in better.
Created By
Macky 13
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Created with images by Alaskan Dude - "Elakala Falls the second falls - very popular with photographers" • Michael Elleray - "Deepwater Champion" • WikiImages - "oasis libya desert" • stux - "euro 1 coin"

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