Vitamins

  • What are Vitamins? Vitamins are any of a group of organic compounds that are essential for normal growth and nutrition and are required in small quantities in the diet.
  • General chemistry of vitamins? Vitamins are organic compounds that are required by advanced animals in small amounts on a regular basis.
  • How much of the Vitamin do we need? For men you should take 11 mg a day. For women you should take 8 mg a day.
  • How are vitamins classified? Vitamins are classified by their Solubility.
  • What are the water soluble vitamins? vitamin B-complex group: thiamin (vitamin B1), riboflavin (vitamin B2), niacin (vitamin B3), vitamin B6 (pyridoxine), folate (folic acid), vitamin B12, biotin and pantothenic acid.
  • What are "enriched" foods? Nutrients that were lost during food processing have been added back.
  • Functions of each water soluble vitamin?
  • Thiamine (vitamin B1) Part of an enzyme needed for energy metabolism; important to nerve function
  • Riboflavin (vitamin B2)
  • Niacin (vitamin B3)
  • Deficiency + Excesses of each? A deficiency of Vitamin A can lead you to have side effects including dry skin, dry hair, blindness at nighttime, and an increase in digestive infections.
  • What are phytochemicals? Why are they important? Each phytonutrient comes from a variety of different plant sources and has different proposed effects on, and benefits for, the body.
  • Do we need vitamin supplements? Some vitamin supplements are good for you then at the same time other vitamin and mineral supplements may also do more harm than good.
  • Now can we preserve vitamins in our foods + during food prep? Yes.

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