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Characteristics of Hurricanes

-High wind speeds. (Record of 254 MPH sustained winds) -High amount of rain. (Hurricanes can drop about 600 trillion gallons of water.) -Hurricanes can cause floods. -Has an "eye" in the middle of the hurricane. (Weaker than the outside.) -Causes the ocean to move up shore. -Lightning.

The Saffir-Simpson Scale

The saffir Simpson scale is what measures hurricanes, they measure it in wind speed, There are 5 category's, category 1 (74-95) category 2 (96-110) category 3(111-130) category 4 (131-155) category 5 (156-above)

Doppler Radar

They use a Doppler radar to predict where the hurricanes goes. They look at the wind speed and wind directions to guess we're the hurricane will go. They also give a warning to people who live near the shore. Sadly they can't get a exact prediction, it can be inaccurate sometimes. They also look to find the start of a tropical depression so they know if a hurricane is coming so they can predict it early. They also predict the sustained winds.

Effect of hurricanes.

Hurricanes can do major damage, like property damage, floods, and wind damage. Another effect is it can cause a lot of money in repair. Sometimes it can creat a tsunami which can do an extreme amount of damage.

How to prepare for a hurricane.

Enter the season prepared. Know all evacuation routes if you live close to the coast. Make sure your home meets building codes for withstanding hurricanes, and they have storm shutters. Have proper tools, supplies, and a first aid kit. Have plenty of batteries and flashlights Always have plenty of non-perishable foods on hand.

How hurricanes are made

Hurricanes begin as tropical disturbances in warm ocean waters with surface temperatures of at least 80 degrees Fahrenheit (26.5 degrees Celsius). These low pressure systems are fed by energy from the warm seas. If a storm achieves wind speeds of 38 miles (61 kilometers) an hour, it becomes known as a tropical depression A tropical depression becomes a tropical storm–and is given a name–when its sustained wind speeds top 39 miles (63 kilometers) an hour. When a storm’s sustained wind speeds reach 74 miles (119 kilometers) an hour it becomes a hurricane and earns a category rating of 1 to 5 on the Saffir-Simpson scale.

Where most hurricanes form in the U.S.

Most hurricanes in the U.S. Happen on the south coast of the U.S.

Most destructive hurricane in the world

Hurricane Katrina is the most destructive hurricane in the world. It costed 108 billion Dollars in destruction, had wind speeds of 175 MPH, killed over 1000 people, was a category 5 major hurricane, happened in 2500 August 28th, and happened in Alambama, Mississippi, and Florida.

Most destructive hurricane in U.S.

During 1900 in Galveston Texas, the most dangerous hurricane hit the U.S. Over 12000 people died, costed 30 million dollars in destruction, had the most people in the world kill in a hurricane, had wind speeds of 145 MPH, and it was a category 4 hurricane.

Websites:http://www.nationalgeographic.com/environment/natural-disasters/hurricanes/. /http://www.hurricaneville.com/safety.html

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