Event 1: A lot of things happened in The Age of Exploration and the age itself seemed endless while lasting from the early 15th century to the early 17th century. Throughout this time a great deal of events happened that ended up changing our world vastly. The first event that took place in 1492 was when Christopher Columbus discovered "The New World".
Causes: You may wonder why he did this, or what led him to this point? Well Christopher Columbus was determined to find a direct water route west from Europe to Asia, as well as a short cut to the spice Islands, unfortunately he never did. Instead he accidentally stumbled upon America. To add to those reasons, Spain also financed the voyage so it didn't cost Christopher Columbus. And Marco Polo exaggerated the size of Asia.
Effects: The Effects that Christopher Columbus had on the world were obviously vast. By doing this, this cause Spain to gain wealth from all of their discoveries of gold and other riches. He also caused Portugal and New England to want to explore the New World as well. Christopher Columbus impacted the world by opening North America to settlement. Although Christopher Columbus effected the World in positive ways he unfortunately effected the World in negative ways as well. By doing what he did he effected the Native population through disease, subjugation, and environmental deterioration.
Event 2: During the Age of Exploration another important event that took place was the Spanish Armada is 1588. This was started by the duke of Medina Sidonia his goal being to escort and army from Flanders to invade England.
Causes: The main reason for The Spanish Armada's occurrence was Queen Elizabeth. The Spanish monarch was angry that Queen Elizabeth had not punished Sir Francis Drake and other English sea dogs for plundering Spanish ships. Queen Elizabeth also supported the Dutch rebels in the Spanish Netherlands led by King Phillip the second of Spain to plan a journey to England. This all comes down to the Spanish attempting Spain's dominance in Europe.
Effects: The effects that the Spanish Armada had was much of Armada gets caught in a storm and destroyed English forces, Armada to withdraw. The Spanish Armada's fail led to victory which opened the door to English/French colonization of North America. Lastly and overall, this made England a world class power and introduced effective long-range weapons into Naval warfare for the first time, ending the era of boarding and close quarter fighting.
Event 3: The next important and effective event was the Spice Trade which occurred throughout the Age of Exploration by all of the colonies.
Causes: The causes of the Spice Trade are extremely simple. The main reason being money, trading spices was a popular way of gaining money throughout the Age of Exploration. They also simply wanted spices, this was a way to make their food taste better which was foreign to them. Lastly, they used these spices to make more things such as perfumes and to help them preserve their meats.
Effects: We are still trading spices today if you think about it and although they aren't that rare or worth that much they are still very important for similar things that they were back then. The Spice Trade effected the Age of Exploration was that it helped make merchants rich across the globe, it established vast empires, and it revealed entire continents to the Europeans.
Event 4: The final event that I found to be important during the Age of Exploration was the Triangular Trade which occurred from 1459-1750. This is the transatlantic slave trade carrying money, slaves, crop, and manufactured goods.
Causes: Africans were forced into slavery then shipped off to the Americans and to the Caribbean. This caused millions of lives to be changed as well as he demography of the Africans and Americans. As this began to expand, slave trade began to increase as well. Causing Africans to be traded off for things such as coffee, tobacco, or sugar.
Effects: It became the trade that had the name given to the voyage that began in Europe, where manufactured goods were taken to Africa. These goods ended up being traded for African slaves provided by local slave traders.