Genetically Modified Salmon Alexandra Scarber

The Atlantic salmon is a medium sized fish however the company Aquabounty has genetically modified the fish to grow much larger in a much shorter amount of time. The fish is originally a Atlantic salmon, but Aquabounty added a Pacific salmon gene called the the Chinook for faster growth and a gene from the eel-like ocean pout that causes the eel, or now fish, to grow year round.

The modified fish was created by adding a growth hormone from the Chinook and a DNA strand with a certain promoter from the pout eel. The promoter from the eel constantly programs the growth hormone to be triggered causing the Atlantic salmon to grow much larger much faster because the fish never is continuously growing. This is different from the not modified salmon beacuse they stop growing in undesirable conditions, and during the winter time.

Aquabounty created the salmon to shorten the time period in which the salmon are ready. Normally salmon would take 28-36 months to fully develop and be ready for consumption. Aquabounty salmon only take 16-18 monthes to fully develop. Aquabounty aslo created the salmon and their process to create a more environmentally friendly process. There is no gas needed for fishing boats which causes carbon emission, and the only waste caused by the land farming is waste water and solids that are reused by fertilizer for gardeners, and as farmers for compost.

The scientists who originally created this genetically modified salmon was Dr. Garth Fletcher and his research team at Memorial University of Newfoundland in Canada. He expiremenetd with molecular genetics in an attempt to increase the owing time of a Atlantic salmon, which would in turn reduce the time it takes to reach the market which would be beneficial for the company, because they would ample more money. He succceede in 1989 however it took 19 years for the FDA to approve the fish for American consumption, but was proclaimed safe for consumption and resale on November 19, 2015. It is the first genetically modified animal that is meant to be eaten approved for sale in the United States.

GMOs can be used for very beneficial causes. The creation of a banana that contains vaccines for people in countries where nurses are not available to vaccinate could be ground breaking. Also, genetically modified crops that could grow in any conditions are enormously important because they could lower death from starvation. Places that are unable to sustainably farm year round could be able to if weather was no longer a de idiom factor. Also, giving food a longer shelf life could be very innovative beacuse then food could be shipped to countries that it used to not be possible for, and that could lead to less world wide starvation per year. As well as the major reasons gmo's can make food overall more nutrioys such as engraving rivers vitamins and nutrients, making foods sweeter, or removing their seeds.

The downsides to genetically modified organisms are we do not know the long term effects on humans. Also, if genetically modified organisms were to escape into the wild they make overtake and outpopilate native species just as invasive species do, and the entire food chain could be disrupted whenever it could have been easily avoided. Another negative is in the US gmos do not have to be labeled, and if a person were to have an allergy, but they ate a modified food beacuse they were not informed of the added genes from the food they were allergic to they could have an allergic reaction, and potentially die.

Regarding my gmo I think the enlarging and sped up growing process is not necessary, but entirely legal, and may be beneficial to Americans in the long run even if some people are opposed to it. In general I think genetically modified organisms should be legal as long as they are clearly labeled, and people are exactly sure of what they are consuming. If a person is against the modification they can simply choose not to eat the food. I believe the attempts to create vaccinated foods, and organisms resistance to weather are very important, and should be continually developed beacuse they may be the answer to worldwide starvation, and an outrageous amount of death to common diseases that are easily prevented with vaccines, such as polio.

Sources for information:

1) http://www.godandscience.org/links.html

2) http://beyondthebasicshealthacademy.com/u-s-clears-genetically-modified-salmon-for-human-consumption/

3) http://time.com/4120648/fda-approved-aquabounty-gmo-salmon/

4) https://aquabounty.com/innovation/technology/

Sources for pictures:

1) https://www.nytimes.com/glogin?URI=https%3A%2F%2Fwww.nytimes.com%2F2015%2F11%2F20%2Fbusiness%2Fgenetically-engineered-salmon-approved-for-consumption.html%3F_r%3D0

2)http://beyondthebasicshealthacademy.com/u-s-clears-genetically-modified-salmon-for-human-consumption/

3) http://circleofdocs.com/genetically-mutated-salmon-approved-for-consumption-according-to-fda/

4) http://familywellnesshq.com/genetically-modified-salmon-the-first-ge-animal-designed-for-human-consumption-is-destined-for-the-u-s-markets/

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