study guide for grammar

active voice- is when the subject is the doer of the verb.

  • ex: Harrison hoped for a fluffy white puppy on that christmas morning.
  • ex: On the other hand, Hamilton was hoping for a giant teddy bear

passive voice- is when the subject receiver of the action of the verb.

  • ex: The fluffy white puppy was given to Harrison on that christmas morning.
  • Coal, loads and loads of coal was given to Hamilton.

progressive and perfect tense

Progressive tense is used when you have a form of the verb "be" followed by a present participle

  • ex: Harrison is hoping for a white fluffy puppy.
  • ex: Zani and Jack are hoping for the giant teddy bear.

Perfect tense is used when you have a form of the verb "have" followed by a past participle

  • I had gone christmas shopping for my family
  • I will have plenty of time to wrap the presents


The indicative moods is the form of a verb that is used to state a fact or ask a question. Did you get the gift you wanted harrison? Did santa bring you coal hamilton?

The imperative mood is the form of a verb that is used to give commands. Harrison Run home quickly! Hamilton do your homework!

The emphatic mood is the form of a verb that gives special force to a simple present or past tense verb. He does not run slowly. He did not stay home today.

The subjunctive mood of a verb can express a wish or a condition that is contrary to to fact. I wish i still had my old dog. I wish UNC beat villanova in the national championship.


Created with images by Pexels - "milky way night sky" • MarkWallace - "The Boldricks' Christmas Tree" • Jonas B - "Angel" • bernswaelz - "angel fig mourning"

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