Different types of work (e.g. full-time, part-time, casual, at home, paid, unpaid, volunteer) western australian curriculum (economic and business) year 7

There are many different types of work. There are a number of different types of paid employment (types of work), the differences in them accounted for by, for example: hours of employment; access to non-wage entitlements such as leave (holidays); the regularity of working hours; and the method of payment.

Full-time employees work regular hours - often 7.5 hours over a five day week. The actual hours of work are agreed between the employer and the employee, and/ or are set by an 'award' or 'registered agreement'. Full-time employees are entitled to various type of leave (examples being annual leave; personal leave; sick leave and long service leave) and public holidays.

Part time employees also have regular working hours, but work less than their full-time counterparts, so their pay and entitlements are proportionate to the number of hours worked.

Casual employees work on an irregular basis according to the needs of their employer. Casual employment usually implies no expectation of ongoing work, and no sick or annual leave pay, although casual workers may receive a loading on their hourly rate of pay. Some casual work is described as ‘piece-meal’ as workers are paid according to daily production (such as number of cartons of picked by casual fruit pickers).

One third of the general work force is employed on a part-time (including casual) basis. For 15-24 year olds, the ratio is more like 60 per cent? is this what you would expect?

About 3.5 million Australians regularly work from home, although half of these say they are doing so to 'catch up' on their regular work.

Unpaid work covers a variety of activities.

An ABS survey showed that most unpaid work in Australia is child care, followed by domestic work, caring for adults, and volunteering.

About 10 million people do some unpaid work each week. If they were paid, the total value of work would be three times that of the finance and insurance sector!

This presentation accompanies the Economics Teachers Association of WA (ETAWA) professional development material written for Western Australian and Australian Curriculum Economics and Business. This material is available for all Year levels 5-10.

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Greg Parry
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