Reintegration into society:
The Vietnam conflict impacted veterans in a variety of ways. Most combat soldiers witnessed violence and lost friends to the horrors of war. The dedication of eight new names to the Vietnam War Memorial on 28 May 2001 brought the American death toll to 58,226, a number that will continue to rise as the classified casualties of the covert war in Laos and Cambodia continue to surface. Some American veterans bore emotional and physical injuries that they would carry for the rest of their lives. Most remained proud of their service and of the role of the United States in the conflict. During the war around twenty-seven million American men dealt with the draft. 11 percent of them served in some fashion in Vietnam. As a consequence of college deferments, most U.S. soldiers in Vietnam came from minority and working-class backgrounds. The average age of U.S. soldiers in Vietnam, nineteen, was three years lower than for American men during World War II and Korea.
A tribute to the vets whom lost their lives
The Vietnam War was stemmed from a decade long conflict that started with 19th-century French imperialism. Vietnam was under French administrative control when Japan invaded during World War II, spurring revolutionary forces under Ho Chi Minh’s leadership to launch a resistance movement against both opponents. Emperor Bao Dai gained control after Japan extracted, causing the League for the Independence of Vietnam, or Viet Minh, to assemble against the French-educated leader. Ho Chi Minh idealized the Communist principles of China and the Soviet Union, and he seized Hanoi as the center of his new regime. With French support, Bao established Saigon as the capital of South Vietnam. However, France was never able to regain the northern territories of Vietnam, and Bao was eventually deposed by Ngo Dinh Diem. Despite the Viet Minh’s revolutionary goals, Ngo Dinh Diem’s corrupt rule and lack of popular support, the United States offered military and financial resources to South Vietnam to prevent the rise of another strong Communist regime.
Support was one of the most important acts in the war
The Vietnam War saw the highest proportion of blacks ever to serve in an American war. During the height of the U.S. involvement, blacks formed 11 percent of the American population, made up 12.6 percent of the soldiers in Vietnam. In the 1960's and 1970's, the United States’s long history of racial inequality and segregation culminated in the civil rights movement. The social and political turmoil swept through American society, including the U.S. military. At the same time, the military organization struggled with its own forms of institutional discrimination. As the war progressed and the nature of the unrest in U.S. society evolved, the military experienced changes in its mission, organization, and personnel. Within this context, African American Soldiers, Sailors, Airmen, and Marines faced a unique and difficult challenge. They bravely served their country while simultaneously bearing the burden of second-class citizenship.
Race equality between black and white