In Africa, they mostly use the land by subsistence farming, this is the farming for just you and your family. This causes problems because they don’t earn money from selling it because they farm just for their family. If they farmed for selling it, it would be called commercial farming. Usually when you commercial farm, they tend to have a bigger farm than a subsistence.
There are mainly two precious resources in Africa. They are gold and diamonds. Did you know that nearly half or 40% comes from Africa. People come from all over the world to buy it. With natural resources distributed all over, some more than others, it causes problems. One of the problems it cause is the unequal wealth in countries. Some countries may be more wealthy than others for example South Africa has more money than Namibia. Another problem is the unequal population in countries. If a country tends to have more natural resources more people tend to go there knowing it will be a richer country.
Democratic Republic Of Congo
In the Democratic Republic of Congo, there are 3 main T's- tin, tungsten,tantalum. These are used for making electronics. For example: computers, cell phones, I Pad. They are the poorest country because of the armed forces there. There is over 100 over then all over the countries. They take control of mines,force people to work in them, smuggle and sell the minerals themselves,pocket the money and buy more weapons. The government can't really do anything about it because the forces bribe them to stay out of it. They may even bribe them for millions of dollars.
GPD per capita
Mauritius=12,800,South Africa=11,100,Botswana= 9,200 Seychelles=7,800,Namibia=7,300. These are countries with the highest GPD per capita. There are 16 countries under 1,000 dollars. If countries with higher GPD per capita, tend to have more people because they have more natural resources and better education. There standard of living is a lot better than countries with like $900 dollars for there GPD per capita.
Out of all the 31 countries in the world with low life expectancy's 28 of them are from Africa. A huge reason for this is the HIV prevalence and AIDS. 770,000 out of 1.1 million people in the world are Africans. They estimate that 24 million Africans are currently infected with HIV.
Powerful Trading Empires
The names of the three west African kingdoms are Ghana, Mali, and Songhai. They existed between 800 CE and 1600 CE. They traded on the Trans-Saharan trade network. Slaves also traded on this network.
Slaves on theTrans-Saharan trade network
According to the Koran, Muslims are not allowed to have other Muslims as slaves. This led many North African traders to get slaves from West Africa. Since many of these were taken as prisoners of war, their slaves were mostly used for military service. Overall, they were treated better and had more freedom than what we know about Europeans taking slaves. Europeans did not let their slaves have any land or anything. They were not only able to get their freedom easier, but were also able to own property, their own slaves, and could even become generals of Muslim armies.
King Mansa Musa and Timbuktu
King Mansa Musa was the most powerful king in Mali, and all the other West African Kingdoms. He went on haji in 1325 that is now known across the world.He had 60,000 people and 80 camels carrying 300 lbs. of gold each. On his return he brought back Muslim scholars and architects to build cities, and also mosques and schools in Timbuktu. Timbuktu became the center of trade and learning in West Africa. Muslim scholars from all over came to study religion, law, music, mathematics, and others there.
Ibn Battuta: Explorer
Ibn Battuta was the first person to ever person to make the Three West African Kingdoms. At age 21, he left his home city of Tangier, Morocco to go on a hajj to Mecca. He did not return for 30 years. He traveled 75,000 miles all over Africa and Asia, writing about the places he was going to. After he returned to his home country, he put his travel writings together in a book called the Rihla, and you still can get it today. It was the first ever travel book made. But sadly in 1368, he died.