History of Canada- Canada became a self-governing dominion in 1867, while retaining ties to the British crown. They are parallel to the U.S. economically and technologically.
Population- 35,362,905 Ranked 39
GDP- $46,200 Ranked 32
Unemployment rate- 7.1% Ranked 83
Main Industries- Transportation equipment, chemicals, processed and unprocessed minerals, food products, wood and paper products, fish products, petroleum, natural gas
Government type- Federal parliamentary democracy (Parliament of Canada) under a constitutional monarchy which is a government where parliament, while voted in by the people, is sovereign and responsible for the formation of the government.
Administrative Divisions-10 Provinces and 3 territories such as Quebec, British Columbia, and Ontario
Independence- 1 July 1867 (11 December 1931, recognized by UK)
Constitution- made up of written and unwritten acts, customs, and judicial decisions dating back to 1763. The written part of the constitution consists of the Constitution Act of 29 March 1867, which created a federation of four provinces.
Legal System- Common law system except in Quebec, where civil law based on the French civil code prevails
Suffrage- 18 years old
Executive Branch- Head of State is Queen Elizabeth II, cabinet: Federal Ministry chosen by the prime minister usually from among members of his own party sitting in Parliament for a 5-year term.
Legislative Branch- Bicameral Parliament or Parlement consists of the Senate or Senat and the House of Commons or Chambre des Communes for a maximum of a 4-year term.
Judicial Branch- Consists of the chief justice and 8 judges, chief justice and judges appointed by the prime minister in council; all judges appointed for life with mandatory retirement at age 75