Suicide is when a person purposefully tries to take their own life. It is also on the rise. In just the United States alone, someone tries to take their life every 13 minutes and every 40 seconds worldwide. There are many reasons for one to try to take their life, however there are ways to halt people from doing this and procedures to go through to help those who have already tried to take their lives.
People are lead to make attempts on their life, including mental disorders, abuse of substances, abuse, easily accessed methods, stress, genes, bullying, being a part of the LGBTQ+ community, depression, and previous attempts. People also could feel like a burden to others, impulses, aggression, and troubles with money. These are know as risk factors and the more risk factors a person has, the more likely they are to think of or try to take their life.
Some people show little hints that something is wrong, like cutting, diet and sleep changes, isolating one's self more than usual, addiction to drugs or alcohol, difficulty focusing, and continuous dropping of grades. If you notice someone with these symptoms, check up on them. Some people just need to know that people care about them, but some people believe they don't have the support they need and attempt to take their lives. They use things like guns, staying under water, hanging themselves, using sharp objects to impale them self in major organs, consuming pills, and even using gas like carbon monoxide to poison themselves. People have prevented some of these things by keeping things like rope, pills, pipes, and knifes put away.
People have ways that can lower their chances of thinking about taking their life known as protective factors. These can be the ability to have health care, affection and caring shown from friends and family, finding ways to solve one's problems, and being with a cultural belief that thinks of suicide as a bad thing. People also use other ways to prevent these thoughts. People call suicide hotlines so they can feel like someone cares, take medicine like Prozac, Paxil, or Zoloft which increase a person's awarance of themselves, and different types of therapy to help them get their feelings out and know that others understand. These things may help people have better thoughts and help them share their feelings with others, lifting a weight off their chest.
There are ways to help those who have already attempted to take their lives. People get treatment for this from psychiatrists, clinical social workers, clinical psychologists, psychiatric nurses, and/or mental health counselors. They find the best plan of action to take with patients. These can include inpatient psychiatric hospitalization, a partial hospitalization, a day program, outpatient psychotherapy, home-based therapy, psychiatric medicine, or a combination of these treatments. These things can help people have better thoughts and actions.
As stated before, therapy can be used to help. These sessions will give people a better understanding of how their minds and actions can impact their lives and give people a place to feel cared for and make friends. This will lead to them being able to slowly let go off their problems. Doctors also use medicine to help others. These are prescribed to people who have mental disorders, like depression, anxiety, and schizophrenia. They common use antidepressants, mood stabilizers, anti-anxiety, anticonvulsants, and anti-psychotics. There is a downside to these medicines. They contain side effects that can increase aggression, irritability, and anxiety. They could even lead to more thoughts of suicide, but they have better odds of helping than hurting. These medicines can give them a happiness some can't create by themselves and make them better.