In 1831, Sitting Bull was born in what is now present day South Dakota, into the Hunkpapa Teton Sioux tribe. At birth, he was named Jumping Badger and nicknamed Hunkesi, or "Slow", which described his careful and unhurried nature. He was also nicknamed this because his father felt he lacked talent when it came to warfare. His father, Jumping Bull, was a fierce warrior that demonstrated great courage. He soon disproved his nickname (Hunkesi) at the age of 10 when he killed his first buffalo. Jumping Badger showed huge promise in his tribe with his exceptional hunting capabilities. Only four years later at the age of 14, he killed his first enemy, and "began to make [himself] great in battle." After this success, he became a chief of his tribe, and Jumping Badger was given his fathers name, Sitting Bull (Tatanka Yotanka). Sitting Bull would play games with other boys in his village that tested their strength, agility, and intelligence, but Sitting Bull always surpassed them in every way. He did this by demonstrating the four core Lakota principals which were bravery, fortitude, generosity, and wisdom. In his early life, Sitting Bull was chosen to join the Kit Fox Warrior Society, and the Midnight Strong Heart Society. The more prestigious of the two societies, the Midnight Strong Heart Society, was only open to warriors who continuously demonstrated the four Lakota principals on and off the battlefield. In 1856, Sitting Bull was made leader of the Midnight Strong Society after killing the Chief of a rival tribe. This high position gave Sitting Bull a great deal of influence and power within his tribe. Now being a leader of his tribe, Sitting Bull was thrust directly into the conflict between his people and the white man. At this point in time, the Native population was viewed by the US government as an uncivilized roadblock, obstructing the path to a modern America. Many Native Americans thought they could engage in relationships with the white man, however Sitting Bull believed, “I have seen nothing that the white man has… which is as good as our right to roam and live the open plains as we choose.” In 1868 after a successful campaign against the encroaching white aggressors, the Chief of the Lakota, Chief Red Cloud, was approached with the Fort Laramie Treaty which stated that the Lakota people would reside in a reservation in the western half of South Dakota. Chief Red Cloud signed the treaty and took a large portion of the Lakota into the reservation. Sitting Bull however, refused to oblige the white man and continued living as he pleased. Many Native American’s shared his beliefs and chose to live with him, marking the beginning to Sitting Bull’s Chiefdom, and the fracturing of the Lakota nation.