Exploration was caused by curiosity about the world. I know that exploration mainly started because of Marco Polo's book, Wonders of the World because of all the content inside. Marco Polo was an Italian merchant traveler; he recorded his travels in a book that inspired Christopher Columbus to travel. That book was published and introduced European to central Asia and China. From that, people wanted more money, spices, and resources. I also had a question, like did they find what they were hoping to find? The answer to that is yes, they found new ways to trade like on the Silk Road. The Silk Road helped Europeans travel and trade to central Asia and China for new resources, more money from trading, and new spices.
The effect of exploration was the new resources that they found. One of the most wanted resource was silk, and silk was in Asia. Marco Polo the merchant found a route that took them there and they named it, The Silk Road. There they found silk because they found a way to Asia, but eventually got closed out of the route. Columbus wanted to find a water route to get there faster, but the new route lead them to the Caribbean. In the Caribbean, they found many spices like sugar which was an important spice. Sugar could only be grown in the tropics because of the weather, so the entire island was converted into a sugar plantation. With the plantation of sugar, Europe king and queen got richer and the natives did not get anything out of it. Some of the natives there were captured for slavery and were taken to Europe and others were in their land being a slave.