Cloning is the process of copying genetic material to make identical copies of different organisms. So far, many animals have been cloned by scientists. Animals such as horses, sheep, cows, and even a dog. Cloning originally is a natural process that takes place in many microorganisms because of asexual reproduction. In-lab cloning takes place by taking the genes from one organism and putting them into a type of carrier cell called a vector. The vector then is forced to multiply and thus it creates multiples of the cloned gene.
Dolly the sheep, the first successful cloning
Cloning has been around for over 50 years, causing much discussion about whether or not it is ethical. For example, in the case of dolly the sheep, it took 276 attempts to successfully lone her. Many people would say that this is unethical because the 275 failed attempts resulted in destroyed embryo. On the other hand, the plus to cloning is one that we are seeing take place today. A wooly mammoths genes being recovered with the potential of cloning it and reviving an extinct species. Biotech makes all of this possible because it allows the extraction of individual genes of an animal, a scientific action that wouldn't be possible without biotech.