Dawes Act A federal law intended to turn Native Americans into farmers and landowners by providing cooperating families with 160 acres of reservation land for farming or 320 acres for grazing.

It was created by Henry Laurens Dawes with the objective of getting Native Americans involved in American society and out of poverty

The Dawes Act broke up earlier land settlements that Natives were given, came in the form of reserves and broke them up into smaller sections which required them to practice European culture

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