Sprouting up all over the Gloriosa Superba By: Josh Robinson, Christen Williams, Jody Zou, Kyle Walton, Jaxon Weiss, Sabrina Wormley and Mac Dearnley

The flame lily’s scientific name is Glorisa Superba. Along with my scientific name, my order is Liliales, my class is Colchicaceae and my rank is Species. Gloriosa comes in colors such as red and yellow. The plant is poisonous so some people use it to commit suicide, kill dogs and assist in a murder. The name Gloria means “full of glory.”

Seeds come in many different shapes, sizes and colors. Some seeds are edible and some are not. Some seeds go right to germination, but others don’t. Seeds can be moved due to wind, water, animals and gravity. The outer covering of the seed is called a seed coat. This protects the embryo. Seed coats are thin and soft. An endosperm is a temporary food supply located around the embryo as leaves called cotyledons. Plants are classified by the number of leaves using the terms monocot and dicot. That is the seed sage.

Germination is the process by which a plant grows from a seed. The most common example of germination is the sprouting of a seedling from a seed of an angiosperm or gymnosperm. In addition, the growth of a sporeling from a spore, such as the spores of hyphae from fungal spores, is also germination. Some things that are important for germination are water, oxygen sunlight darkness and proper temperature. If any of these factors are not right it can cause poor germination. Once temperatures are right, the embryo cells enlarge, then leaves and stems start to grow.

A function of stem supports leaves, branches, and flowers and transports water and solutes between the roots and leaves. It also helps leaves reach the sunlight they need. The cells that move water throughout the plant are called xlyem and phloem. A plant will have herbaceous or wood stems. The functions of a root absorb water and minerals from the environments and anchor the plant in the ground. There are two different types of root systems — taproot or fibrous. A fibrous system is a bunch of fine roots and a taproot system is a few branches that are very thick and swollen. The root and stem system is important to support the plant.

Leaves collect the sunlight and turn it into glucose for the plant —it’s food— via photosynthesis. The leaves also filter air for the plant. The leaves’ color is bright green due to the chlorophyll pigment. There are two kinds of leaves: compound and simple. Leaves have an outer waxy coating that protects the leaves.

The flower is the part of the plant that grows into the seed. It contains the pistil (female part of the flower) and the stamens (male part of the flower). When it has been pollinated it sprouts a fruit. This fruit carries the seeds that reproduce. The ovary holds all the pollen grains of the flower .The ovule becomes into a seed. The stigma is what the pollen lands on, also the female part of the flower. Usually the flowers are the prettiest part of the plant and make them so great to look at.

Petals attract pollinators. Pollination is the act of transferring pollen grains from the male anther of a flower to the female stigma. The goal of every living organism, including plants, is to create offspring for the next generation. One of the ways that plants can produce offspring is by making seeds

The fruit is to protect the new seed that will eventually be a new flower or plant. It also can be a tasty and healthy food for humans. Many fruits can help the seeds spread.

Every stage in the plant’s life cycle is important. The fruit and pollination stages are important to the process being repeated. Though these plants are small, they do big things, such as create oxygen that we breathe everyday.

Credits:

Created with images by Peter Kaminski - "Seeds" • Ken McMillan - "Leaf" • Abdecoral - "bee flower magnolia" • Jon's pics - "November Strawberry"

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