Sydney is an Australian city of 4,921,000 inhabitants, the New South Wales capital.

It is the most populous city in Australia [4] and Oceania, as well as one of the most multicultural in the world. [5] It is currently at the 14th place in the rankings of global cities. [6]

The area around Sydney was inhabited by Aboriginal people for tens of thousands of years. [7] The first British settlers arrived in 1788 with Captain Arthur Phillip and founded the town as a penal colony. [8] [9] From the moment you stopped criminals carry you around in 1800, Sydney has become a global cultural and economic center. [10]

In 2000 Sydney hosted the Games of the XXVII Olympiad, while in 2008 it was the headquarters of the XXIII World Youth Day.

The city is contained for most of its extension in the county of Cumberland.

The area surrounding the Sydney Harbour has been inhabited for at least 45,000 years old, from different aboriginal tribes, who called Warrane; the main tribes in the area were the Eora and the Cadigal. Although urbanization has erased most traces of theseu settlements, they are still cave paintings in some areas. Europeans began to take an interest in the area since 1770, the year in which Captain James Cook sighted Botany Bay (now a southern suburb of Sydney). By order of the British government, in 1788 Arthur Phillip established a prison in this settlement area. Phillip originally landed at Botany Bay, but then decided to sail to the north and founded the permanent settlement at Sydney Cove, in Port Jackson.

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