The Romantic Period begins roughly 1770-1850, it is characterized by emphasis on the individual, emotions, as well as glorification of the past and nature.
The Romantic Period saw many important cultural, political and religious events during its time, some of these include:
1776: The Declaration of Independence is signed: near the beginning of the American Revolution from Britain this document was drafted by John Adams, Benjamin Franklin, Roger Sherman, Thomas Jefferson and Robert R. Livingston. The document was a literal declaration of freedom from the control of Britain and ended up being signed by 56 members of the Continental Congress.
1783: Treaty of Paris: Effectively ends the American Revolution: After a series of riots, fighting, and negotiations Britain finally realized the colonies in America as separate from Britain seven years after the signing of The Declaration of Independence.
1789: The Beginning of the French Revolution: Do to the French's support in the American Revolution as well as the extravagant spending by then King Louis XVI France was left in an almost bankrupt state. The King's adviser decided to make a law that would bring taxes to the wealthy, however, the vote of the wealthy could overthrow this due to the political power they held. This caused great unease among French citizens because roughly 98% of them were not in the upper class. Riots began to push toward a more fare representation and the National Assembly of France was established. Although this was a major success for the citizens of France, there was growing fear of a military coup, so on July 12th angry rioters stormed a Bastille armory fortress to secure weapons and gunpowder. This is now celebrated as the official start to the French Revolution where peasants finally fought back after years of oppression, unfair taxation, and exploitation.
1793: Louis XVI is Executed: A group of extremist Jacobins attacked the royal residence in Paris and arrested the king on August 10, 1792. The following month the Legislative Assembly was replaced by the National Convention, which proclaimed the "abolition of the monarchy and the establishment of the French republic". On January 21, 1793, it condemned King Louis XVI to death for high treason and crimes against the state. He was executed at the guillotine and his wife Marie-Antoinette (1755-1793) met the same fate nine months later.
1793: Marat is murdered in his bathtub: Marat founded the journal L’Ami du Peuple in 1789, and its harsh criticism of those in power become a large source of fuel to the bloody turn of the Revolution in 1792. With the arrest of the king earlier that year, Marat was elected as a deputy of Paris to the Convention. In France’s revolutionary legislature, Marat opposed the Girondists–a faction made up of moderate republicans who advocated a constitutional government and continental war. By 1793, Charlotte Corday, the daughter of an impoverished aristocrat and an ally of the Girondists in Normandy, decided that Marat was an unholy enemy of France and began to plot his assassination. On July 13, she gained Marat's trust and time by promising to betray the Caen Girondists. Marat had a persistent skin disease and was working as usual in his bath when Corday pulled a knife from her bodice and stabbed him in his chest. He died shortly after as Corday waited patiently for the police to come and arrest her. Four days later she was put to death by guillotine.
1796: Napolean commands Italian Campaign and defeats the Austrians in a series of battles that lead to the Peace of Leoben
1799: The French Revolution ends: Napoleon Bonaparte staged a coup d’état, abolishing the Directory and appointing himself to be France's “first consul.” The event marked the end of the French Revolution and the beginning of the Napoleonic era, in which France would come to dominate much of Europe.
1804: Napoleon Crowns himself emperor of France: Napoleon successfully waged war against various coalitions of European nations and expanded his empire.
1812: America declares war on Britian, Napoleon enters Moscow:
1814: Napoleon defeated in Toulouse and exiled to Elba after abdicating the thrown. In 1815 Napoleon briefly returned to power in his Hundred Days campaign. After a crushing defeat at the Battle of Waterloo, he abdicated once again and was exiled to the remote island of Saint Helena, where he died poor and alone at the age of 51.
Romantic Literature took a far different turn that the literature before it in many senses. It focused on not only religious issues, but, on issues of society as well as mythical and emotional fiction which emerged during this time. The literature was intended not simply for the wealthy anymore, but more so for the general public to evoke raw emotion while also tackling the political and societal problems off the time.