Southern Africa Pages 377-396

Landforms and Bodies of Water

  1. In Angola, the escarpment, a steep cliff between a higher and lower surface.
  2. Includes four independent island countries and two french territories.
  3. Southern Africa is bordered by the Indian ocean.


  1. If southern Africa could be described in one word it would be high.
  2. plateaus that range from 3,000 feet to 6,000 feet cover most of the region.
  3. between the escarpment and the Atlantic ocean lies a strip of dessert called the Namib.

bodies of water

  1. The Zambezi, is is one of the three of the major water systems that drain Southern Africa.
  2. The Zambezi plugs into Victoria Falls.
  3. The Orange River is the second largest river in south Africa.

which landform is common in SOuth Africa?

  1. plateaus are common is South Africa.


  1. southern Africa has many climates.
  2. The climates range from humid to dry and from hot to cool.

temperate zones

  1. much of south Africa have temperate, or moderate climates.
  2. most of the areas are semi arid.

Dessert regions

  1. Western south Africa is mostly arid.
  2. Along the coast the Namib gets very little rain.

why are temperatures in south Africa's tropical countries not hot?

  1. Annual rainfalls.

What natural resources are found in Southern Africa, and why are they important.

  1. South Africa is very rich in mineral resources, they build strong economy.

South Africa's Resources

  1. The Republic of South Africa has some of the largest mineral reserves in the world.
  2. It the worlds largest producer of platinum.

Energy resources

  1. The republic of South Africa burns deposits of coal for electricity.
  2. Namibia burns deposits of oil.

Minerals and other resources

  1. Namibia is one of Africa's richest countries in minerals.
  2. Gold is a leading export for Zimbabwe.


  1. Southern Africa is known for it's wildlife.

How does deforestation affect the energy supply in the region?

  1. The less wood the less natural resources they can use.

lesson 2

Rise of kingdoms

  1. Southern Africa's indigenous people have inhabited the region for thousands of years.

Great Zimbabwe

  1. Around 20,000 people live in the valley surrounding Great Zimbabwe.
  2. Great Zimbabwe is one of the larger cities around it.

The Matupa empire

  1. The Portuguese came and took over the coastal trades in the 1500s.
  2. They took over the country and made them mine gold for them.

other kingdoms

  1. A series of kingdoms rose and fell on the island of Madagascar.
  2. Some of the earlier countries were influenced by Arab and Muslim religions.

European colonies

  1. The first colonies were trading posts.

Clashes in south Africa

  1. The dutch became known as the doers, the dutch word for farmers.

The union of south Africa

  1. The Boers resented British rule.

colonialism in other areas

  1. The Berlin Conference decided Portugal had right to Angola and Mozambique.

which European country claimed the most territory in Southern Africa in the 1800s?

The French.

Independence and equal rights.

  1. Swaziland gained it's independence in 1968.

The end of Portuguese rule.

  1. The Portuguese got tired of the bloody and expensive wars.

The birth of Zimbabwe.

  1. Rhodesia's African population demanded to vote.

equal right is South Africa.

  1. The white minority government stayed in power.

Lesson 3

The people of the region.

  1. The population is overwhelming with black Africans.

Population patterns

  1. Southern Africa's countries vary widely in population.
  2. Populations depend largely on economics and geography.
  3. South Africa and Angola have about the same size.

Ethnic and culture groups.

  1. Africans are not a single people.
  2. About 4 million live in Botswana.
  3. The Chewa illustrate an important part in south Africa's history.

Religion and languages.

  1. Immigration from Asia explains Africa's Muslim population.


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