SPOTTED 600 MILES OFF THE COAST OF JAPAN BY A JAPANESE FISHING BOAT, LIEUTENANT COLONEL DOOLITTLE MADE A DECISION TO PROCEED WITH THE MISSION IMMEDIATELY. THIS WAS 200 MILES SHORT OF THEIR INTENDED LAUNCH POINT
THE B-25 BOMBERS MISSION WAS TO DROP BOMBS ON THE CITY OF TOKYO AND LAND IN "SAFE ZONES" IN CHINA, BUT WITH THE EARLY LAUNCH FUEL COMPLICATIONS FOR ALL OF THE AIRCRAFT WAS IMMINENT.
The uss hornet was not armed due to carrying the bombers and had overwatch being provided by the uss enterprise
ALL 16 BOMBERS SUCCESSFULLY LAUNCHED AND BOMBED THEIR INTENDED TARGETS IN TOKYO.
- ONE MAN WAS KILLED ON BAIL OUT OF MISSION
- TWO MEN FROM CREW #6 DROWNED AFTER A CRASH LANDING OFF OF THE COAST OF CHINA
- EIGHT MEN WERE CAPTURED BY JAPANESE (THREE WERE EXECUTED BY FIRING SQUAD, ONE DIED OF MALNUTRITION, AND FOUR SURVIVED FOR 40 MONTHS IN PRISON)
DAMAGE WAS MINIMAL ON THE CAPITAL CITY OF TOKOYO, BUT THE IMPLICATIONS OF THE BOMBINGS MEANT SOMETHING EVEN LARGER FOR THE UNITED STATES AND THE TIDE THAT WORLD WAR TWO WOULD TAKE.
implications on the tide of world war two
The raid yielded low damages in Tokyo, but for America and her allies this was greatly needed morale booster as the Japanese were dominating the pacific.
The sole appearance of the bombers over Tokyo resulted in added security in Japanese homelands and resulted in fear of future attacks by the United States.
Importance of the raid
Was the first offensive air action against the Japanese homelands.
Was the first full scale operation where the us navy and Air Force worked together against the enemy
Led to the build up from incendiary bombs to the H-Bombs dropped in 1945 on Hiroshima and Nagasaki.
Heroism of the Doolittle raid
5 of the raiders became generals:
- James H. Doolittle
- John A. Hilger
- David M. Jones
- Everett W. Holstrom
- Richard A. Knobloch
General Doolittle received the Medal of Honor from president Roosevelt
All 80 raiders received the Distinguished flying cross and decorations from the Chinese government
Three raiders received the silver star for gallantry in the line of duty (Dr. Thomas R. White, David Thatcher, & dean Davenport.