The Great Barrier Reef is home to over 2,900 different types of coral in fact it is said that it holds one third of the worlds soft coral. And 411 different types of hard coral.
The Great Barrier Reef is also home to 1,500 different types of fish, it is home to 134 different breeds of sharks and stingrays, and Six of the worlds 7 species of endangered turtles
The Great Barrier Reef has been challenged over time because of the rising temperatures due to global warming,Weather events and Tourism have been a big factor in the reefs wellbeing to due to the management of waste which causes pollution.
There are 14 main types of coastal ecosystems that are in the Great Barrier Reef (-coral reef-lagoon floor-islands-open water-sea grasses-coastline-estuaries-fresh water wetlands-forested flood land-health and scrubland-grass and sedge land-woodlands-forests and rainforests) these are linked between water and land.
SustainbilTY aNd scale
An example of a problem damaging the Reef is tourism and dumping of trash and pollution.
To keep the Reef healthy Australia has banned the disposal of port related capital dredge material in the world heritage site. So far it's made a good huge impact.
Australia is also putting funding into monitoring and the protection of the Reef for a long term sustainability plan.