Saudi Arabia By Hafsa Affan & Reena Bhogal

About Saudi Arabia

Saudi Arabia, officially known as Kingdom of Saudi Arabia is an Arab sovereign state in Western Asia, ruled by the King, Salman of Saudi Arabia. The country is sometimes named as " The Land of the Two Holy Mosques" referring to Al-Masjid al-Haram (located in Mecca) and Al-Masjid an-Nabawi (located in Medina), the two holiest places in Islam. The population of the state has a total population of 28.83 population. With a land area of approximately 2, 150, 000 km (squared). Saudi Arabia's official language is Arabic. Saudi Arabia is the fifth-largest state in Asia and second-largest in the Arab world, after Algeria.

Flag of Saudi Arabia

Motto: لا إله إلا الله، محمد رسول الله "Lā ʾilāha ʾillāl–lāh, Muhammadun rasūl allāh" "There is no god but God; Muhammad is the messenger of God."

Crime & Safety

Saudi Arabia is known for having a low crime rate due to the fact that there are severe punishments that come with it. A source by the name of "Arab News" has reported that the crime rate has increased up to 102% in the Kingdom. Up from 10,904 cases in 2012 to 22, 113 cases in 2013. Although, the possible reason for the increase of crime rate in the Kingdom may be because of the fact that violence in the Middle East has been a major problem for the past several years.

Punishments for committing a crime:

  • Blinding
  • Amputation
  • Beheading
  • Shooting
  • Stoning

Women's Rights

As years have past, Saudi Arabia has progressed in many (positive) ways. However, women rights have not made too much progression over the past decades, only starting to let women participate in voting over the past couple of years. Many say that this is the only privilege given to Saudi women as the gender inequality between men and women has only grown over the past years. In the past year(s), women were banned from doing the following:

  • Interaction with Men (Women have limited people they could interact with, as many prefered if they avoided spending any time with men that were not related)
  • Go Swimming in Public Pools (Women were not allowed to swim in public pools -only private ones- as they were not allowed to be seen with any swimwear on)
  • Participate in Sports (Women were banned from participating in the Olympics, as many claimed women were "no good at sports" )
  • Driving (Women are not allowed to drive in Saudi Arabia as they’re not ‘ready for female drivers’) This list shows that men are more capable of doing these activities than women. Men are more valued than women. This shows how low women are really thought of in Saudi Arabia, and how the status of females have not really changed. Women have been banned from the doing these activities since the the past decade(s) and many are seeing no progress in the way they are being treated. Females should be allowed to make decisions for themselves and not have other's make decisions for them.


Education in Saudi Arabia has made a huge progress in the past years. When Saudi Arabia became a nation in 1932, education was a very limited source, while very few had access to it. However now, education in the Islamic schools is open to every citizen in Saudi Arabia with a very strong rating of education. The education in the following fields has become much higher, meaning it has a way better system of education

A graph showing literacy rate percentages in the Middle East and North Africa.

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